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Enhanced thermal decomposition performance of sodium perchlorate by molecular assembly strategy

  • Peng Deng
  • Hui RenEmail author
  • Qingjie Jiao
Brief Communication


NaClO4-based molecular perovskite (H2dabco)[Na(ClO4)3] combined with the inorganic oxidizer and organic fuel was prepared by molecular assembly strategy. The high-yield samples were obtained by the one-pot reaction of NaClO4, HClO4, and triethylenediamine (dabco). The thermal analysis results showed molecular perovskite (H2dabco)[Na(ClO4)3] with ABX3-type closely ternary molecular stacking structure had a lower decomposition temperature (381.7 °C) and a higher heat release (2770 J/g) than NaClO4 (569.2 °C and 353 J/g). The apparent activation energy of thermal decomposition process was reduced by 25 kJ/mol from 184.8 kJ/mol of NaClO4 to 159.8 kJ/mol of (H2dabco)[Na(ClO4)3]. A synergistic catalysis thermal decomposition mechanism was proposed. The H2dabco2+ from the unique ternary molecular perovskite structure can be favorable for proton excitation under thermal stimuli, and promote the formation of HClO4 and superoxide radical anions ·O2 further, resulted in the redox thermal decomposition reaction between oxidizer ClO4 and fuel dabco more completely.


Organic-inorganic Fuel (H2dabco)[Na(ClO4)3Molecular perovskite Thermal decomposition performance 



The authors thank Prof. Weixiong Zhang and Dr. Shaoli Chen (Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China) for support and help.

Funding information

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (21975024 and 11372290).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Explosion Science and TechnologyBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Environment and Safety EngineeringNorth University of ChinaTaiyuanChina

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