pp 1–12 | Cite as

Effect of soft templating agent on NiCoAl-LDHs grown in situ on foamed nickel for high-performance asymmetric supercapacitors

  • Yahong Tian
  • Lingzhi ZhuEmail author
  • Mei Shang
  • Enshan Han
  • Mengchao Song
Original Paper


In this paper, NiCoAl-LDHs were synthesized by hydrothermal method with polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide, and sodium dodecyl sulfate as templating agents, and these materials directly grew on foamed nickel. The electrochemical performance of these materials was investigated by galvanostatic charge/discharge, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The morphology and physicochemical properties of the materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the NiCoAl electrode with the usage of 1.00 g polyvinyl alcohol, 1.00 g polyvinylpyrrolidone, 1.00 g cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide, and 1.00 g sodium dodecyl sulfate and non-template agents showed high capacitance of 1413.2, 1553, 1648.4, and 1420 and 1068 F g−1 at 1 A g−1. It had excellent rate performance and cycle stability. After the 2000-cycle charge/discharge test at a current density of 10 A g−1, the capacity of the materials’ retention rates was 82.68%, 80%, 88.4%, 90%, and 83.45%, respectively. An asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) based on C-NCA electrode and activated carbon electrode achieved an excellent electrochemical property with the energy density of 75.55 Wh kg−1 at the power density of 800 W kg−1 and good cycling stability (retaining 89.87% after 2000 cycles). In summary, the prepared sample can be an ideal electrode material for a supercapacitor.


Layered double hydroxide Template agents Asymmetric supercapacitors Electrochemical performance 



The authors appreciate the contributions of the reviewers in ensuring the quality of the paper is improved. The authors would also like to thank Dr. Enshan Han in Hebei University of Technology at Tianjin for his support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yahong Tian
    • 1
  • Lingzhi Zhu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mei Shang
    • 1
  • Enshan Han
    • 1
  • Mengchao Song
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyHebei University of TechnologyTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHebei University of TechnologyTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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