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Scalable in situ condensation fabrication of amorphous SiOX@C microbeads derived from organic silane coupling agents for lithium-ion storage

  • Honglin Yan
  • Qiang RuEmail author
  • Ping Gao
  • Shikun Cheng
  • Francis Chi-Chung Ling
Original Paper


In the past few years, silane coupling agents are often used to modify the surface of silicon materials; however, researches in preparation of SiOX-based materials pyrolyzed from silane coupling agents are seldom reported. Hence, in order to prepare amorphous SiOX@C anodes for Li-ion storage, we adopted three kinds of silane coupling agents as organic silicon sources. The results show that silane coupling agents with vinyl group is the optimum organic silicon source. Owing to the strong chemical bonds of Si–O–C, amorphous SiOX particles are uniformly embedded in carbon matrix, forming monodisperse microbeads architecture with good buffer abilities. Therefore, the V-SiOX@C anodes derived from silane coupling agents with vinyl groups show good electrochemical performance, retaining a reversible discharge capacity of 940 mAh g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1 after 200 cycles, and it still depicts a good long-term cycling durability, maintaining 739 mAh g−1 at a current density of 400 mA g−1 after 400 cycles.


Silane coupling agents SiOX@C anode In situ condensation Li-ion batteries 


Funding information

This work was financially supported by the union project of National Natural Science Foundation and Guangdong Province (No. U1601214), the Key Projects of Guangdong Province Nature Science Foundation (No. 2017B030311013), the Scientific and Technological Plan of Guangzhou City (201607010322, 201607010274), the Key Project of Guangdong Province Nature Science Foundation (No. 2017B030311013), the Scientific and Technological Plan of Guangzhou City (No. 201804010169), and the Project of the Department of Education of Guangdong Province (2018KTSCX047).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Honglin Yan
    • 1
  • Qiang Ru
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ping Gao
    • 1
  • Shikun Cheng
    • 1
  • Francis Chi-Chung Ling
    • 2
  1. 1.Guangdong Engineering Technology Research Center of Efficient Green Energy and Environmental Protection Materials, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Quantum Engineering and Quantum Materials, School of Physics and Telecommunication EngineeringSouth China Normal UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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