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Investigation on polyaniline with manganese dioxide nanostructure by using an in situ oxidative polymerization method

  • S. Vijayalakshmi
  • E. KumarEmail author
  • S. Nithya
Original Paper


Polyaniline with 1 and 10 wt% of MnO2 nanoparticles (PANI/MnO2) was prepared by using in situ oxidative polymerization. The prepared polymer nanocomposite samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), impedance analysis (IA), and thermogravimetry (TG). X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the tetragonal structure having an average crystalline size around 70 nm for MnO2 nanoparticles. SEM and TEM images showed that the particles are agglomerated due to van der Waals force. The particles have random spherical shape. FTIR revealed the interaction of functional groups between PANI and MnO2 nanoparticles. The conductivity of the nanocomposites was found to be of the order of 10−4S cm−1. The dielectric curves showed the low-frequency β relaxation peak pronounced at high temperature, which may be caused by side group dipoles. The thermal stability is improved compared with that of pure PANI. Suitable proportions of MnO2 in the PANI matrix can be applied for electrode materials for various applications.


MnO2 Polymer nanocomposite In situ polymerization XRD SEM 


Data availability statement

The data used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research and Development CentreBharathiyar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSRI SRNM CollegeSatturIndia
  3. 3.School of ScienceTamil Nadu Open UniversityChennaiIndia

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