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Electrodeposition of Ni(II)–alizarin red complex on graphene-modified carbon paste electrode for formamide oxidation

  • Li ZhengEmail author
  • Wen Zhang
  • Jun Guo
Original Paper


A modified electrode Ni(II)–ARS/GR/CPE has been fabricated by electrodepositing nickel(II)–alizarin red complex on the surface of graphene-modified carbon paste electrode (GR/CPE) in alkaline solution. The modified electrode is characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. It exhibits the characteristic of improved reversibility and enhanced current responses of the Ni(III)/Ni(II) couple compared with Ni(II)–ARS/CPE. It also shows enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of formamide, which is due to the high surface area and facile charge–transfer ability of graphene and Ni(II)–ARS complex. The mechanisms of film formation and the catalytic process are also discussed. Moreover, the catalytic currents present linear dependence on the concentration of formamide from 0.5 mM to 0.21 M by amperometry; the detection limit is 0.15 mM. The modified electrode for formamide determination is of the property of simple preparation, good stability, fast response, and acceptable sensitivity.


Formamide Nickel Alizarin red Graphene Chemically modified electrode Electrocatalysis 



Financial support was from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21675123) and the Science & Technology Foundation of Xi’an Shiyou University (No. Z09137).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3198_MOESM1_ESM.doc (203 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 203 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXi’an Shiyou UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of ScienceXi’an University of Science and TechnologyXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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