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Nitrogen-doped carbon-coated cotton-derived carbon fibers as high-performance anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

  • Xinglian Liu
  • Yanshuang MengEmail author
  • Ruinian Li
  • Mengqi Du
  • Fuliang Zhu
  • Yue ZhangEmail author
Original Paper


Nitrogen-doped carbon-coated cotton-derived carbon fibers (NC@CCFs) were prepared by using cotton fibers as substrate and ionic liquid [HMIm]N(CN)2 as source of carbon and nitrogen. The scanning electron microscopy, EDS element map, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that N-doped carbon uniformly coated on cotton-derived carbon fibers and the N element was successfully doped into NC@CCFs materials. This structure effectively improved the structural stability of NC@CCFs. The highly conductive CCFs provided conductivity network for electron transport in the NC@CCFs. Nitrogen doping provided abundant active sites and introduced many defects, which increased the lithium storage active sites of NC@CCFs. Therefore, the NC@CCFs anode shows excellent cycle stability (614.3 mAhg−1 at 0.5 C after 250 cycles) and rate performance when used in lithium-ion battery.


N-doped carbon Ionic liquid Cotton-derived carbon fibers Lithium-ion batteries 


Funding information

The authors received support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NFSC) (grant nos. 51364024, 51404124) and from the Faculty Research Seed Grants Program of Georgia Southern University.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringLanzhou University of TechnologyLanzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Non-ferrous MetalsLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Manufacturing EngineeringGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA

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