, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 5857–5868 | Cite as

Asymmetric reaction pathway of Na+-ion during fast cycling in α- and γ-Fe2O3 thin film anode for sodium-ion battery

  • Debasis NayakEmail author
  • Sreeraj Puravankar
  • Sudipto Ghosh
  • Venimadhav Adyam
Original Paper


This study aims to evaluate various polymorphs of Fe2O3 (γ- and α-types) as anode material for sodium-ion batteries and their conversion mechanisms. In this work, pulsed laser deposition (PLD) was used to successfully fabricate Fe2O3 (both γ- and α-types) thin film followed by the electrochemical investigation as anode material for a sodium-ion battery. The γ-Fe2O3 shows high reversibility than α-Fe2O3 while discharging at a deep discharge voltage of 0.01 V. The α-Fe2O3 changes to Fe3O4 during sodium extraction, while the γ-Fe2O3 remains unaltered upon cycling. The γ-Fe2O3 shows high electrochemical performance regarding cycle life and discharge capacity than α-Fe2O3 (considering up to 80 cycles). The discharge capacity of γ-Fe2O3 is 335.2 mAh g−1 and of α-Fe2O3 is 248.7 mAh g−1 for the 1st cycle at a current rate of 475 mA g−1. The achieved superior performance of γ-Fe2O3 is credited to the reversible reaction path and binder-free nature of the thin film.


γ- and α-Fe2O3 Pulsed laser deposition Thin film Sodium-ion batteries Anode 



The authors would like to acknowledge that the financial support for this work came from the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, through the initiative of IMPACTING RESEARCH INNOVATION AND TECHNOLOGY (IMPRINT), grant number 7911.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debasis Nayak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sreeraj Puravankar
    • 2
  • Sudipto Ghosh
    • 1
  • Venimadhav Adyam
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  2. 2.School of Energy Science & EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  3. 3.Cryogenic Engineering CentreIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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