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One-step synthesis of N, S-codoped porous graphitic carbon derived from lotus leaves for high-performance supercapacitors

  • Liu WanEmail author
  • Na Li
  • Xiang Li
  • Jian Chen
  • Yan Zhang
  • Mingjiang Xie
  • Cheng Du
Original Paper

Abstract

The development of high-performance biomass-derived porous graphitic carbon materials is in high demand for applications in supercapacitors. Herein, a novel N, S self-codoped porous graphitic carbon is synthesized by one-step carbonization of lotus leaves together with urea and ferric chloride. Due to the combination of urea as a nitrogen doping agent and ferric chloride as both activating agent and graphitization catalyst, the obtained lotus leaf–derived porous graphitic carbon material possesses a high specific surface area of 975.7 m2 g−1, appropriate pore structure with interconnected macropores, suitable graphitization level, and high N, S contents. The resultant porous graphitic carbon electrode shows a high specific capacitance of 385.0 F g−1 at 0.5 A g−1 (based on a three-electrode system in 6 M KOH electrolyte), and good rate capability (140.0 F g−1 at 100 A g−1). Furthermore, the assembled carbon-based symmetric supercapacitor delivers a high energy density of 29.5 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 545.6 W kg−1 and excellent long-term cycling stability (95.3% of the initial capacitance after 20,000 cycles at 5 A g−1). This work provides a general method to synthesize porous graphitic carbon from biomass for electrochemical energy storage and conversion.

Keywords

Porous graphitic carbon Lotus leaves Nitrogen Sulfur codoped Supercapacitor 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Hubei Province Education Scientific Research Project (D20182903 and Q20182902).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_3105_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 3189 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liu Wan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Na Li
    • 1
  • Xiang Li
    • 1
  • Jian Chen
    • 1
  • Yan Zhang
    • 1
  • Mingjiang Xie
    • 1
  • Cheng Du
    • 1
  1. 1.Hubei Key Lab for Processing and Application of Catalytic Materials, College of Chemical EngineeringHuanggang Normal UniversityHuanggangChina

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