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Plasticized solid polymer electrolyte based on natural polymer blend incorporated with lithium perchlorate for electrical double-layer capacitor fabrication

  • Y. M. Yusof
  • M. F. ShukurEmail author
  • M. H. Hamsan
  • K. Jumbri
  • M. F. Z. Kadir
Original Paper


A plasticized solid polymer electrolyte system is prepared using polymer blend of methyl cellulose–potato starch with lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) as dopant salt and glycerol as plasticizer. Transport properties of the electrolytes are investigated using electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). By applying a method proposed by Arof et al. which was found to be suitable for both Arrhenius and Vogel–Tammann–Fulcher (VTF) type of electrolytes, the number density (n), diffusion coefficient (D), and mobility (μ) of ions are found to be influenced by the concentration of glycerol. From ion and electron transference number analysis, it is verified that ions are the main charge carriers. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) verifies the suitability of the most conductive electrolyte to be employed in the carbon-based symmetric electrical double-layer capacitor (EDLC) fabrication. The EDLC has been tested using the galvanostatic charge–discharge and cyclic voltammetry (CV) techniques. The specific capacitance (Csp) of the electrode using CV at a sweep rate of 2 mV s−1 is found to be 61.58 F g−1. The EDLC has been tested for 1000 charge–discharge cycles with the highest Csp value of 28.04 F g−1.


Methyl cellulose–starch blend Polymer electrolyte Lithium perchlorate Transport properties Electrical double-layer capacitor 


Funding information

The authors would like to thank the Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS for supporting this work through YUTP grant (grant no. 015LC0-048) and Ministry of Education for Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS/1/2018/STG07/UNIKL/02/8).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. M. Yusof
    • 1
  • M. F. Shukur
    • 2
    Email author
  • M. H. Hamsan
    • 3
  • K. Jumbri
    • 2
  • M. F. Z. Kadir
    • 4
  1. 1.Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bio-Engineering TechnologyMalaccaMalaysia
  2. 2.Fundamental and Applied Sciences DepartmentUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASSeri IskandarMalaysia
  3. 3.Institute of Graduate StudiesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  4. 4.Centre for Foundation Studies in ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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