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pp 1–9 | Cite as

Effects of Tween 80 dispersant on LiFePO4/C cathode material prepared by sonochemical high-temperature ball milling method

  • Qing ZhaoEmail author
  • Xuetian Li
  • Zhongbao Shao
  • Chengjun Liu
  • Ron Zevenhoven
Original Paper

Abstract

Li-ion batteries have drawn increasing attention because of attractive characteristics such as high operating voltage, high particle density, long cycle life, low self-discharge, and not showing a memory effect. LiFePO4/C cathode material was prepared via a sonochemical high-temperature ball milling method using Tween 80 dispersant. The effects of the Tween 80 on the electrochemical properties of LiFePO4/C were investigated. The experimental results showed that the Tween 80 improved the surface area of LiFePO4/C, and the prepared cathode material showed a better electrochemical performance: it delivered discharge capacities of 159.0 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C and 110.4 mAh g−1 at 10 C, which were higher than for Tween 80-free samples. Moreover, the discharge capacity was 119.6 mAh g−1 at a rate of 5.0 C over 100 cycles while the capacity retention was 94.2%.

Keywords

LiFePO4 Cathode material Tween 80 Sonochemical High-temperature ball milling 

Notes

Funding information

This work is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51704068), the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFC0805100), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. N172504020).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qing Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xuetian Li
    • 3
  • Zhongbao Shao
    • 2
  • Chengjun Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ron Zevenhoven
    • 4
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Ecological Metallurgy of Multimetallic Mineral (Ministry of Education)Northeastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.School of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringShenyang Ligong UniversityShenyangChina
  4. 4.Thermal and Flow Engineering LaboratoryÅbo Akademi UniversityTurkuFinland

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