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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 4089–4098 | Cite as

Structural and electrochemical studies of LiNixCo(1-x)VO4 (x = 0.2, 0.8) cathode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries

  • D. Prakash
  • Yoshitake Masuda
  • C. SanjeevirajaEmail author
Original Paper
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

A family of mixed LiNixCo(1-x)VO4 (x = 0.2, 0.8) cathode materials has been synthesized using the sol–gel method. The thermal behavior of the materials has been examined by thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. The Rietveld refinement of powder X-ray diffraction showed the structure with \( Fd\overline{3}m \) (227) space group. Surface analysis was performed using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Analysis of Raman spectra reveals the local environment model including VO4 tetrahedra, (Ni,Co)O6, and LiO6 octahedra as vibrational local units. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies on synthesized powder indicate that the oxidation states of nickel, cobalt, and vanadium are + 2, + 3 and + 5, respectively. Charge–discharge cycling tests were carried out to study the performance of the cathode materials.

Keywords

LiNixCo(1-x)VO4 Sol–gel method Rietveld refinement XPS Charge–discharge 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors sincerely thank Prof. N. Munichandraiah, Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, for providing CV facility.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsHindusthan Institute of TechnologyCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)NagoyaJapan
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsAlagappa Chettiar College of Engineering and TechnologyKaraikudiIndia

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