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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 9, pp 4315–4323 | Cite as

Three-dimensional honeycomb-like porous carbon derived from tamarisk roots via a green fabrication process for high-performance supercapacitors

  • Yingjie Wang
  • Lianchun Zhao
  • Hui PengEmail author
  • Xiuwen Dai
  • Xueni Liu
  • Guofu MaEmail author
  • Ziqiang Lei
Original Paper
  • 152 Downloads

Abstract

The porous carbon materials derived from biomass have become the most promising candidates for electrochemical energy conversion and storage due to their renewability and sustain ability. Herein, we present a simple activation and carbonization approach to successfully fabricate a novel tamarisk root-based honeycomb-like porous carbon (TRHPC) by using biomass tamarisk roots as carbon precursor and mixed NaCl and ZnCl2 as hybrid activators. The TRHPC exhibits good electrochemical properties with high specific capacitance 293 F g−1 at a current density of 0.5 A g−1 and high-rate performance (61.4% capacitance retention from 0.5 to 50 A g−1) when it is applied for supercapacitor electrode. Moreover, the symmetric supercapacitor assembled based on the optimized TRHPC electrode materials represents a high energy density of 16 Wh kg−1 at a high power density of 160 W kg−1 and possesses excellent stability with 92% capacitance retention after 10,000 cycles in 0.5 M Na2SO4 electrolyte. The excellent electrochemical performance of TRHPC with three-dimensional honeycomb-like porous structure reveals its significance as electrode materials for supercapacitor applications.

Keywords

Tamarisk roots Hybrid activators Porous materials Symmetric supercapacitor 

Notes

Funding

This study was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (21664012, 21703173), the program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT15R56), and the Innovation Team Basic Scientific Research Project of Gansu Province (1606RJIA324).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

11581_2019_2966_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.2 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3265 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials of Gansu Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNorthwest Normal UniversityLanzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Geography and Environment SciencesNorthwest Normal UniversityLanzhouChina

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