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Ultrathin carbon-coated Sb2Se3 nanorods embedded in 3D hierarchical carbon matrix as binder-free anode for high-performance sodium-ion batteries

  • Zhuo Chen
  • Jun Wu
  • Xiong Liu
  • Guobao XuEmail author
  • Liwen Yang
Original Paper


A high-performance freestanding anode composed of carbon-coated Sb2Se3 nanorods and conductive carbon matrix of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) is fabricated by a modified vacuum filtration, subsequent free-drying, and annealing. In this electrode architecture, the ultrathin amorphous carbon layers connect Sb2Se3 nanorods with the 3D interconnected carbon matrix. This unique cross-bonding network structure with good electrical conductivity and volume buffering effect improves the structural stability during repeating Na+ insertion/extraction and electrochemical performance. As a binder-free anode for SIBs, it reveals preferable initial charge-specific capacity of 792 mA h g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1, and simultaneously sustains 100 cycles at 500 mA g−1 with a specific capacity of 485 mA h g−1, and capacity retention ratio of 90%. The flexible Sb2Se3-based material as an anode can expectantly apply to the further development of advanced low-cost and flexible electronics for SIBs.


Sodium-ion batteries Freestanding Sb2Se3 nanorods Carbon nanotubes Reduced graphene oxide 



This work was financially supported by the grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11474242).

Supplementary material

11581_2019_2961_MOESM1_ESM.doc (198 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 198 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuo Chen
    • 1
  • Jun Wu
    • 1
  • Xiong Liu
    • 1
  • Guobao Xu
    • 2
    Email author
  • Liwen Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physics and OptoelectronicsXiangtan UniversityHunanChina
  2. 2.National-Provincial Laboratory of Special Function Thin Film Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringXiangtan UniversityHunanChina

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