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Defect-free soft carbon as cathode material for Al-ion batteries

  • Jia QiaoEmail author
  • Haitao Zhou
  • Zhongsheng Liu
  • Hejing Wen
  • Jianhong Yang
Original Paper


Al-ion batteries are proposed as promising energy storage candidates for beyond Li-ion technology due to the higher natural earth of Al metal. Recently, various graphite and graphene cathodes for Al-ion batteries have been studied in this regard, but their costs are not satisfactory. In this study, a novel cathode for Al-ion batteries is prepared by graphitizing inexpensive soft carbon materials (mesocarbon microspheres and petroleum coke) at 2800 °C. The charge and discharge process is showcased here for graphitized petroleum coke, which has a storage capacity of 77.7 mAh g−1 with two high discharge voltage (~ 2.25 and 1.80 V), higher than graphitized mesocarbon microspheres (51 mAh g−1). It also has excellent cycle stability and no reduction in specific capacity after 1000 cycles. Affordable cost of the graphitized petroleum coke cathode makes Al-ion battery more promising for large-scale chemical energy storage.


Al-ion battery Defect-free Cathode Petroleum coke 



This work was supported by Jiangsu University (grant number 5501670001).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia Qiao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Haitao Zhou
    • 2
  • Zhongsheng Liu
    • 2
  • Hejing Wen
    • 2
  • Jianhong Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Metallurgy and EnvironmentCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangPeople’s Republic of China

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