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Enhanced electrochemical performance of lithium–sulphur battery by negating polysulphide shuttling and interfacial resistance through aluminium nanolayer deposition on a polypropylene separator

  • Mir Mehraj Ud Din
  • Binaya Kumar Sahu
  • Arindam Das
  • Ramaswamy MuruganEmail author
Original Paper


Shuttling of lithium polysulphides and the formation of lithium dendrites are the key challenges that impede the commercialization of high-capacity lithium–sulphur batteries. Here, we report on a binder-free novel aluminium nanolayer–coated polypropylene separator prepared by radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique for shuttle-free lithium metal battery applications. A symmetric cell with a modified separator exhibits smooth lithium striping and plating cycles at higher current density under room temperature conditions for an extended time period of 1550 h, suggesting better safety and protection of lithium anode from dendrite formation. Coin cells assembled with sulphurized cathode and Li metal as anode in a liquid electrolyte medium using a surface-modified separator display significantly improved specific initial discharge capacity with reasonable reversible discharge capacity and high Coulombic efficiency after 100 galvanostatic cycles at a cycling rate of 0.1 C. This result suggests that the aluminium nanolayer–coated separator can effectively help in reduction of polysulphide crossover during the electrochemical process.


Surface-modified separator Polysulfide shuttle inhibitor Composite sulphur cathode High-capacity Li–S battery 



RM acknowledges the SERB, Govt. of India, for support (EMR/2017/000417). MMU Din thanks UGC–MANF, Govt. of India, for financial assistance.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11581_2019_2891_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1062 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mir Mehraj Ud Din
    • 1
  • Binaya Kumar Sahu
    • 2
  • Arindam Das
    • 2
  • Ramaswamy Murugan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.High Energy Density Batteries Research Laboratory, Department of PhysicsPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia
  2. 2.Surface and Nanoscience Division, Materials Science GroupIndira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Homi Bhabha National InstituteKalpakkamIndia

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