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Nanostructured SiO2@NiO heterostructure derived from laboratory glass waste as anode material for lithium-ion battery

  • Arul Prasath
  • Arumugam Selva Sharma
  • Perumal ElumalaiEmail author
Original Paper
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

In this investigation, we have attempted a novel solution-based strategy to prepare nanostructured silicon oxide@nickel oxide (SiO2@NiO) composite by incorporating NiO into the matrix of the laboratory glass-waste-derived SiO2. The crystal structure and surface functional groups of the prepared composite were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman and Fourier transformed infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic studies. The morphology of the SiO2@NiO composite examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed uniform distribution of spherical particles with pore size in the range of 120–160 nm. High-resolution transmission electron microscope (HR-TEM) analysis revealed the presence of hollow transparent spherical SiO2 grains entrenched with ultrafine NiO particles homogenously. The electrochemical performance of the SiO2@NiO composite as anode material for lithium storage was tested by assembling a CR2032-type coin cell. The cyclic voltammetry studies revealed the excellent electrochemical performance of the SiO2@NiO composite electrode. It is found that the fabricated half-cell delivered a reversible capacity as high as 1000 mA h g−1 at 0.2 C with remarkable Coulombic efficiency of 99%. The SiO2@NiO heterostructure electrode exhibited an appreciable capacity retention of 80% (780 mA h g−1) even at the end of 100th charge/discharge cycle. The excellent electrochemical performance of the SiO2@NiO anode could be attributed to the simultaneous reactions of Li with SiO2, Si, and NiO involving both alloying and conversion mechanisms.

Keywords

Laboratory glass waste Nanocomposite SiO2 NiO Lithium-ion battery Anode 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the Central Instrumentation Facility of Pondicherry University.

Funding

AS receives from the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), Government of India, the National Post-Doctoral Fellowship (PDF/2016/002815). PE receives from the SERB, Government of India, the research grant EMR/2016/001305.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arul Prasath
    • 1
  • Arumugam Selva Sharma
    • 1
  • Perumal Elumalai
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Electrochemical Energy and Sensors Laboratory, Department of Green Energy Technology, Madanjeet School of Green Energy TechnologiesPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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