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Ionics

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Polypyrrole-coated loose network mesoporous carbon/sulfur composite for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries

  • Haishen SongEmail author
  • Yijin Pan
  • Anping Tang
  • Guorong Xu
  • Lihua Liu
  • Hezhang Chen
Original Paper

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur batteries have received a lot of attention for next-generation energy storage, however, low conductivity of the sulfur cathode and shuttle of polysulfides still limit the utilization of sulfur. In this work, a polypyrrole-coated loose network mesoporous carbon/sulfur composite (C/S@PPy) was designed. In this structure, the conductive networks of mesoporous carbon are perfect hosts to contain sulfur and enhance the conductivity of the cathode; the conductive polymer-coating layer further inhibits the lithium polysulfides from dissolution and migration in the electrolyte. Compared with C/S, the C/S@PPy composite exhibited an excellent rate capability and enhanced cyclic stability. An initial discharge capacity of 1209.6 mAh g−1 was achieved for the C/S@PPy electrode in the first cycle at 0.1 C, and capacity retention of 62.2% was obtained after 300 cycles at 0.2 C.

Keywords

Lithium-sulfur batteries Polypyrrole Mesoporous carbon C/S composite Cycle stability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (2018JJ3176).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haishen Song
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Yijin Pan
    • 1
  • Anping Tang
    • 2
  • Guorong Xu
    • 1
  • Lihua Liu
    • 3
  • Hezhang Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHunan University of Science and TechnologyXiangtanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Theoretical Organic Chemistry and Functional Molecule of Ministry of Education, Hunan Provincial Key Lab of Advanced Materials for New Energy Storage and ConversionXiangtanChina
  3. 3.Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Controllable Preparation and Functional Application of Fine Polymers, Hunan Province College Key Laboratory of QSAR/QSPRXiangtanChina

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