Complex impedance, FT-Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopic studies of pure and L-phenylalanine doped ammonium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals: the correlation with hydrogen bonding defect
Ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP) is an important nonlinear optical (NLO) material used for electro-optical applications. The aromatic side chain contained dopant like L-phenylalanine causes defect in ADP. The pure and L-phenylalanine doped ADP crystals are grown using slow solvent evaporation technique at room temperature. The Powder XRD spectra suggest tetragonal crystal system and slit shifting of peak. The FT-Raman shows strong absorption peak at 922 cm−1 due to v1 group symmetry of P - OH for all grown crystals without shifting indicating the single phase nature of all the crystals. The photoluminescence study suggests the presence of defects in doped crystals compared to the pure one due to increase of Stokes shift and vibrational energy relaxation phenomena. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss have shown the usual behavior with respect to frequency and temperature. The calculated electro-optic coefficient is found to be in accordance with dielectric constant. The protonic conduction is prevailing for electric transport, and from Jonscher’s plot, the correlation barrier hopping (CBH) is confirmed. The Nyquist plot and modulus spectra of pure ADP show the presence of grain and grain boundary while the same plots for L-phenylalanine doped ADP show the presence of grain only. The stretch exponent exhibits non-Debye-type relaxation.
KeywordsDihydrogen phosphate Raman spectroscopy Photoluminescence Protonic conductivity Impedance spectroscopy
The authors acknowledge the encouragement and keen interest from Prof. Hiren H. Joshi, H.O.D. Physics, Saurashtra University, Rajkot. One of the authors (JHJ) is highly thankful to Mr. S.G.Khandelwal, Deputy Director, Forensic Science Laboratory, Ahmedabad, for allowing him to carry out research activity.
The authors are thankful to UGC, New Delhi, for funding under DRS-SAP and DST, New Delhi, for FIST.
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