, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 475–482 | Cite as

Preparation of Co3O4/nitrogen-doped carbon composite by in situ solvothermal with ionic liquid and its electrochemical performance as lithium-ion battery anode

  • Mingjun Xiao
  • Yanshuang MengEmail author
  • Chaoyu Duan
  • Qianru Hu
  • Ruinian Li
  • Fuliang Zhu
  • Yue ZhangEmail author
Original Paper


In this work, the Co3O4/nitrogen-doped carbon (Co3O4/NDC) composite was prepared by in situ solvothermal method using ionic liquid as carbon and nitrogen sources. The Co3O4/NDC composite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and electrochemical testing. The HRTEM results show that there is a thin layer of amorphous carbon film on the surface of Co3O4 particles, which can improve the conductivity of Co3O4 and inhibit the fragmentation of material caused by volume expansion. When the Co3O4/NDC composite is used as the anode material of lithium-ion batteries, the reversible capacity is 1056 mAh g−1 after 50 cycles at 0.1 C. The superior electrochemical performance can be attributed to the synergistic effect of amorphous carbon film, nitrogen doping, and Co3O4 particles.


Co3O4/nitrogen-doped carbon composite Ionic liquids In situ solvothermal method Lithium-ion batteries 


Funding information

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51364024 and 51404124) and the Foundation for Innovation Groups of Basic Research in Gansu Province (No. 1606RJIA322).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringLanzhou University of TechnologyLanzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Processing and Recycling of Non-ferrous MetalsLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Manufacturing EngineeringGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA

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