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Handheld spraying of g-C3N4 nanosheets on cathode for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries

  • Fang Zhao
  • Ma Nani
  • Zhang Kun
  • Xie Keyu
  • Shen Chao
  • Peng Jiaxin
  • Dang Yangyang
  • Cheng Wudan
  • Zheng Dongdong
  • Li Linbo
Original Paper
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

Lithium-sulfur batteries (Li-S) have been regarded as one of the most promising candidates for next-generation energy-storage systems due to its high theoretical energy density (2600 Wh/kg). However, the “shuttle effect” and the resulting self-discharge hinder the commercialization of Li-S batteries. In this study, a facile, inexpensive, and scalable spray-coating method was developed to cover a cathode with carbon nitride film (g-C3N4). Because of the strong adsorption of polysulfides by carbon nitride, the S-GF/C3N4 cathode exhibited a high reversible capacity of 927 mAh/g at 0.2 C and long cyclic stability of 720 mAh/g after 280 cycles with a high capacity retention up to 78% with the sulfur loading of 5 mg/cm2. This study presents a new pervasive spray-coating method to facilitate simple and large-scale membrane modification and to enable the practical application of Li-S batteries.

Keywords

Li-S batteries Spray coating Carbon nitride Shuttle effect Self-discharge 

Notes

Funding information

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51574191), the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province, China, (2018JM5135), and National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB0104204).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11581_2018_2821_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (639 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 639 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fang Zhao
    • 1
  • Ma Nani
    • 1
  • Zhang Kun
    • 2
  • Xie Keyu
    • 2
  • Shen Chao
    • 2
  • Peng Jiaxin
    • 1
  • Dang Yangyang
    • 1
  • Cheng Wudan
    • 1
  • Zheng Dongdong
    • 1
  • Li Linbo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Metallurgical EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Solidification Processing, Center for Nano Energy Materials, School of Materials Science and EngineeringNorthwestern Polytechnical University and Shaanxi Joint Laboratory of Graphene (NPU)Xi’anChina

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