, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 1259–1270 | Cite as

Microstructure, phase composition, and gas-sensing properties of nanostructured ZrO2-xY2O3 thin films and powders obtained by the sol-gel method

  • Artem S. MokrushinEmail author
  • Elizaveta P. Simonenko
  • Nikolay P. Simonenko
  • Kirill A. Bukunov
  • Vladimir G. Sevastyanov
  • Nikolay T. Kuznetsov
Original Paper


With the use of sol-gel technology, we obtained ZrO2-xY2O3 powders and thin films (where х = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 33, 40, 50 mol%) that are promising for the creation of chemical gas sensors. The phase composition was studied using XRD and Raman spectroscopy. It has been shown that an increase in the content of yttrium oxide from 0 to 50 mol% entails phase changes in the structure of zirconium dioxide—from the monoclinic phase (ZrO2) to metastable tetragonal (up to 10% of Y2O3), cubic (up to 20% of Y2O3), and rhombohedral (up to 50% of Y2O3) phases. For thin films, gas-sensing properties were studied: we established a resistive response to oxygen at low operating temperatures of 350–450 °C that increased with an increase in the Y2O3 content in the crystal lattice. Films with a Y2O3 content of more than 33 mol% showed a resistive response to hydrogen.

Graphical abstract


Sol-gel Yttrium-stabilized zirconium Gas sensor Thin films RAMAN spectroscopy 


Funding information

The work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant No. 18-03-00992).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Artem S. Mokrushin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elizaveta P. Simonenko
    • 1
  • Nikolay P. Simonenko
    • 1
  • Kirill A. Bukunov
    • 2
    • 3
  • Vladimir G. Sevastyanov
    • 1
  • Nikolay T. Kuznetsov
    • 1
  1. 1.Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of PhysicsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear PhysicsLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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