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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 483–492 | Cite as

Understanding the effect of electrolyte on the cycle and structure stability of high areal capacity Si-Al film electrode

  • Jie ZhangEmail author
  • Chuanjie Shen
  • Ping Liu
  • Yongmin Qiao
Original Paper
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

High areal capacity silicon-based films are attracting much attention in high energy density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). However, the enormous volume change of Si, causing film crack and instability of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer, leads to a rapid capacity decay. In this work, the structure evolution and electrochemical performance of Si-Al film (~ 2.5 mAh cm-2) are systematically investigated by galvanostatic discharge/charge test, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Particularly, the inner structure is carefully analyzed by the cross-sectional images. In the EC-based and FEC-added electrolytes, the columnar structure is remained. Interestingly, the rigid SEI layer formed in FEC-based electrolyte restrains the surface tensile stress, and the Si-Al film is cracked from the inner part and further rearranged towards compact piling up during cycling. The new formed film displays a weak volume expansion and an improved capacity retention of 85.0% after 100 cycles.

Keywords

Si-based film Electrolyte additive Solid electrolyte interphase Lithium-ion battery 

Notes

Funding information

This work was sponsored by Shanghai Sailing Program (17YF1413500).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jie Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chuanjie Shen
    • 2
  • Ping Liu
    • 1
  • Yongmin Qiao
    • 1
  1. 1.Shanghai Shanshan Tech. Co., Ltd.ShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Institute of Space Power-SourcesShanghaiChina

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