, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 849–857 | Cite as

Theoretical and experimental studies of the influence of microstructure on anti-tarnish ability of cyanide-free silver deposit

  • Anmin LiuEmail author
  • Xuefeng Ren
  • Qiyue Yang
  • Yonggang Chen
  • Jing Guo
  • Yanqiang Li
  • Liguo Gao
  • Maozhong AnEmail author
Original Paper


The influence of microstructure on anti-tarnish ability of silver deposit was studied by computational chemistry and experiments. The influence of microstructure on the anti-tarnish ability of silver deposit was firstly predicted by quantum chemical calculations. Theoretical studies revealed that high-index crystal surfaces of silver deposits were more sensitive to corrosive mediums and were seriously damaged when they were discolored. Based on the prediction of quantum chemical calculations, silver electrodeposition process with crystal surfaces controlled by additives was possible approach to improve the anti-tarnish ability of silver deposit in this work. The anti-tarnish ability of silver deposit influenced by crystal surfaces control was studied by surface discoloration investigation and Tafel plots measurements, as well as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. The results of these measurements confirmed the conclusions of theoretical studies; silver electrodeposition process with microstructure control can be used to improve the anti-tarnish ability of silver deposit.


Silver Anti-tarnish Microstructure Quantum chemical calculation 



Supports of the Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (20180510020), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (DUT18LK15 and DUT18LK21), and Supercomputing Center of Dalian University of Technology for this work are gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

11581_2018_2740_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.9 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2981 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anmin Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xuefeng Ren
    • 2
  • Qiyue Yang
    • 1
  • Yonggang Chen
    • 3
  • Jing Guo
    • 1
  • Yanqiang Li
    • 1
  • Liguo Gao
    • 1
  • Maozhong An
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, School of Petroleum and Chemical EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyPanjinChina
  2. 2.School of Food and EnvironmentDalian University of TechnologyPanjinChina
  3. 3.Network and Information CenterDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina

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