Advertisement

Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 959–968 | Cite as

Effects of raw materials on the electrochemical performance of Na-doped Li-rich cathode materials Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2

  • Hongzhao Liu
  • Lei Tao
  • Wei Wang
  • Bo ZhangEmail author
  • Mingru Su
Original Paper
  • 115 Downloads

Abstract

Lithium-ion battery cathode materials Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 and Li1.15Na0.05Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 were synthesized using different Na source through a facile ball-milling method. The XRD results reveal that all the cathode materials display a layered structure of solid solution. Charge/discharge tests demonstrate that the Li1.15Na0.05Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 electrode using LiAC and NaAC as raw materials shows an excellent electrochemical performance including high reversible discharge capacity (232 mAhg−1 at 0.2 C), enhanced rate capability (109 mAhg−1 at 5 C), and superior cycling stability (96.64% capacity retention after 80 cycles). Furthermore, EIS results also support that better raw materials can effectively decrease the charge transfer resistance and facilitate the Li diffusion coefficient of the as-prepared cathode material. It is also confirmed that the better electrochemical performance of the Na-doped sample Li1.15Na0.05Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 mainly come from the Na-doping process which stabilizes the host layered structure by suppressing the conversion from layered to spinel structure during cycling.

Keywords

Lithium-ion battery Raw materials Na-doping Electrochemical performance 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51504225 and 51404220) and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20150506 and BK20150535).

References

  1. 1.
    Armand M, Tarascon JM (2008) Building better batteries. Nature 451(7179):652–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Etacheri V, Marom R, Ran E (2011) Challenges in the development of advanced Li-ion batteries: a review. Energy Environ Sci 4(9):3243–3262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nitta N, Wu F, Lee JT (2015) Li-ion battery materials: present and future. Mater Today 18(5):252–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Whittingham MS (2004) Lithium batteries and cathode materials. Cheminform 35(50):4271–4301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wei HH, Zhang Q, Xu QJ (2018) Baby diaper-inspired construction of 3D porous composites for long-term lithium-ion batteries. Adv Funct Mater 28(3):1704440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wang X, Xu QJ, Min YL (2018) Self-evaporating from inside to outside to construct cobalt oxide nanoparticles-embedded nitrogen-doped porous carbon nanofibers for high-performance lithium ion batteries. Chem Eng J 334:1642–1649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Wang J, He X, Paillard E (2016) Lithium- and manganese-rich oxide cathode materials for high-energy lithium ion batteries. Adv Energy Mater 6(21)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu YJ, Gao YY, Lv J (2013) A facile method to synthesize carbon coated Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2, with improved performance. Mater Res Bull 48(11):4930–4934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chong S, Wu Y, Chen Y (2017) A strategy of constructing spherical core-shell structure of Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2@Li1.2Ni0.4Mn0.4O2, cathode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. J Power Source 356:153–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lee DK, Park SH, Amine K (2006) High capacity Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2 cathode materials via a carbonate co-precipitation method. J Power Sources 162(2):1346–1350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li L, Wang L, Zhang X (2016) 3D reticular Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 cathode material for lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9(2)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang L, Wu B, Li N (2013) Rod-like hierarchical nano/micro Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 as high performance cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 240(1):644–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    He W, Yuan D, Qian J (2013) Enhanced high-rate capability and cycling stability of Na-stabilized layered Li1.2[Co0.13Ni0.13Mn0.54]O2 cathode material. J Mater Chem A 1(37):11397–11403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Guo H, Xia Y (2017) Stabilization effects of Al doping for enhanced cycling performances of Li-rich layered oxides. Ceram Int 43:13845–13852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Feng X, Gao Y, Ben L (2016) Enhanced electrochemical performance of Ti-doped Li1.2Mn0.54Co0.13Ni0.13O2 for lithium-ion batteries. J Power Sources 317:74–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Song B, Zhou C (2014) Advances in sustain stable voltage of Cr-doped Li-rich layered cathodes for lithium-ion batteries. J Electrochem Soc 161:A1723–A1730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chen H, Hu Q, Huang Z (2016) Synthesis and electrochemical study of Zr-doped Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2, as cathode material for Li-ion battery. Ceram Int 42:263–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Liu X, Huang T, Yu A (2014) Fe doped Li1.2Mn0.6-x/2Ni0.2-x/2FexO2 (x≤0.1) as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. Electrochim Acta 133:555–563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu YJ, Zhang ZQ, Fu Y (2016) Investigation the electrochemical performance of Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 cathode material with ZnAl2O4 coating for lithium ion batteries. J Alloys Compd 685:523–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wang Z, Liu E (2013) Cycle performance improvement of Li-rich layered cathode material Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 by ZrO2 coating. Surf Coat Technol 235:570–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zou G, Yang X, Wang X (2014) Improvement of electrochemical performance for Li-rich spherical Li1.3[Ni0.35Mn0.65]O2+x modified by Al2O3. J Solid State Electrochem 18:1789–1797CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zheng J, Li J, Zhang ZR (2008) The effects of TiO2 coating on the electrochemical performance of Li[Li0.2Mn0.54Ni0.13Co0.13]O2 cathode material for lithium-ion battery. Solid State Ionics 179:1794–1799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wu F, Zhang X (2015) Multifunctional AlPO4 coating for improving electrochemical properties of low-cost Li[Li0.2Fe0.1Ni0.15Mn0.55]O2 cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:3773–3781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lee SH, Koo BK (2008) Effect of Co3(PO4)2 coating on Li[Co0.1Ni0.15Li0.2Mn0.55]O2 cathode material for lithium rechargeable batteries. J Power Sources 184:276–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pang S, Wang Y (2016) The effect of AlF3 modification on the physicochemical and electrochemical properties of Li-rich layered oxide. Ceram Int 42:5397–5402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jin X, Xu Q, Liu H (2014) Excellent rate capability of Mg doped Li[Li0.2Ni0.13Co0.13Mn0.54]O2 cathode material for lithium-ion battery. Electrochim Acta 136(8):19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liu Y, Liu D, Zhang Z, Zheng S (2017) Investigation of the structural and electrochemical performance of Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 with Cr doping. Ionics (8):1–9Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li X, Xin HX, Liu Y (2015) Effect of niobium doping on the microstructure and electrochemical properties of lithium-rich layered Li[Li0.2Ni0.2Mn0.6]O2 as cathode materials for lithium ion batteries. RSC Adv 5(56):45351–45358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lübke M, Shin J, Marchand P (2015) Highly pseudocapacitive Nb-doped TiO2 high power anodes for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem A 3(45):22908–22914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Xie H, Du K, Hu G (2016) The role of sodium in LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 cathode material and its electrochemical behaviors. J Phys Chem C 120(6)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Yang Z, Guo X, Xiang W (2017) K-doped layered LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2, cathode material: towards the superior rate capability and cycling performance. J Alloys Compd 699:358–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang D, Liu M, Wang X (2016) Facile synthesis and performance of Na-doped porous lithium-rich cathodes for lithium ion batteries. RSC Adv 6(62)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Chang ZR, Qi X, Wu F (2006) Preparation of co and Al coped LiNiO2 cathode material by using eutectic mixed lithium salt with lower melting point. Chem Eng 34:50–53Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wu XW, Li YH, Xiang YH (2016) The electrochemical performance of aqueous rechargeable battery of Zn/Na0.44MnO2 based on hybrid electrolyte. J Power Sources 336:35–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Su MR, Wan HF (2018) Multi-layered carbon coated Si-based composite as anode for lithium-ion batteries. Powder Technol 323:294–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongzhao Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lei Tao
    • 3
  • Wei Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bo Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mingru Su
    • 4
  1. 1.Zhengzhou Institute of Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral ResourcesZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Evaluation and Multipurpose Utilization of Polymetallic Ore of Ministry of Land and ResourcesZhengzhouChina
  3. 3.JiangSu GE New Energy Technology Co., LtdYangzhongChina
  4. 4.School of Material Science and Technology Jiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina

Personalised recommendations