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Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 685–695 | Cite as

Facile one-step hydrothermal synthesis of PEDOT:PSS/MnO2 nanorod hybrids for high-rate supercapacitor electrode materials

  • Chengjie Yin
  • Hongming ZhouEmail author
  • Jian LiEmail author
Original Paper
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)–polystyrenesulfonate and manganese oxide (PEDOT:PSS/MnO2) hybrids were prepared via a facile solvothermal method coupled with an oxidative polymerization route. The effects of the reaction temperature and the KMnO4-to-organic monomer (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, EDOT) ratio on the morphology, structure, and electrochemical properties of the materials were investigated. The optimized composites comprised homogeneous nanorod-like structures and exhibited overwhelmingly high conductivity (36 S cm−1) and superior supercapacitance—more specifically, they exhibited high-rate capability. The electrochemical properties of the nanocomposites were investigated using cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge–discharge cycling. The prepared hybrids showed a high capacitance of 365.5 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1, a good rate performance of 325.4 F g−1 at 20 A g−1 (capacitance retention of 89%), and excellent cycling stability with approximately 80% capacitance retention after 2000 cycles at a current density of 5 A g−1 in a 6 M KOH aqueous electrolyte.

Keywords

Manganese dioxide PEDOT:PSS High-rate performance Synthesis Supercapacitor 

Notes

Funding information

This work was financially supported by Hunan Science and Technology Project, Grant No. 2013GK3002, and Science and Technology Project of Changsha (No. K1202039-11).

Supplementary material

11581_2018_2680_MOESM1_ESM.dtd (42 kb)
ESM 1 (DTD 42 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Hunan Zhengyuan Institute for Energy Storage Materials and DevicesChangshaChina

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