pp 1–9 | Cite as

Facile synthesis of boron-doped porous carbon as anode for lithium–ion batteries with excellent electrochemical performance

  • Qian Wang
  • Zhiyong XieEmail author
  • Yili LiangEmail author
  • Liewu Li
  • Bei Liu
  • Xianghui Li
  • Chunbo Liu
  • Xiaobo Wu
  • Qizhong Huang
Original Paper


A novel boron-doped porous carbon (BC) was prepared through a facile one step pyrolysis process by using citric acid monohydrate, boron acid, and sodium chloride hybrid as precursor. Based on the analysis of X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy, three boron-doping species (BC3, BC2O, and BCO2) were doped in the carbon lattice. The BC2O and BCO2 can generate abundant extrinsic defects and active sites in the carbon matrix. The electron-deficient boron atom in BC3 improves the electric conductivity by adding more positive charged holes. As anode for lithium–ion batteries, the BC exhibits a stable reversible capacity above 600 mAh g−1 after 800 cycles under a current density of 1 A g−1 and preferable rate performance. Hence, this work provides a facile and effective strategy to fabricate a promising anode material for the high-performance lithium–ion batteries.


Boron-doped Porous carbon Pyrolysis process Lithium–ion batteries 


Funding information

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No.2016YFB0101310).

Supplementary material

11581_2018_2647_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.2 mb)
ESM1 (DOCX 2252 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qian Wang
    • 1
  • Zhiyong Xie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yili Liang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Liewu Li
    • 1
  • Bei Liu
    • 1
  • Xianghui Li
    • 1
  • Chunbo Liu
    • 1
  • Xiaobo Wu
    • 2
  • Qizhong Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Powder MetallurgyCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Minerals Processing and BioengineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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