Advertisement

Ionics

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 513–521 | Cite as

Advanced-performance lithium-sulfur batteries with functional carbon interlayers modified by magnetron sputtering

  • Jing Zhang
  • Heqin LiEmail author
  • Yuanyuan Pan
  • Hao Zheng
  • Yan Wang
  • Qiong Tang
  • Yong Chen
  • Weiyu Qi
Original Paper
  • 89 Downloads

Abstract

Conductive carbon films (CF1) were made of carbonized filter paper and modified with titanium(Ti) and aluminum(Al) thin films deposited on their surface by radiofrequency magnetron sputtering to prepare carbon films CF2 and CF3 as functional interlayers for lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, with the cathode material (S-AC) synthesized with elemental sulfur (S) and activated carbon (AC). Material characterization and electrochemical performance tests indicated that batteries (S/AC/CF1, S/AC/CF2, and S/AC/CF3), with carbon films inserted between the cathode and separator, showed improved electrochemical properties than S/AC without interlayers. In particular, S/AC/CF2 and S/AC/CF3 delivered initial discharge-specific capacities of 1257 and 1394 mAh/g, respectively, and reversible capacities of 836 and 889 mAh/g were obtained, with the Coulombic efficiency over 99%, after 100 cycles at the current rate of 0.5 C. Experiments showed that Ti and Al tiny particles plated on the surface of carbon interlayers can facilitate superior performance for Li-S batteries.

Keywords

Lithium-sulfur battery Functional carbon interlayer Magnetron sputtering Specific capacity Coulombic efficiency 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the “Student’s Platform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program” of the Ministry of Education of China (No. 201710359071).

References

  1. 1.
    Bruce PG, Freunberger SA, Hardwick LJ, Tarascon JM (2012) Li-O2 and Li-S batteries with high energy storage. Nat Mater 11:19–29Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Evers S, Nazar LF (2013) New approaches for high energy density lithium-sulfur battery cathodes. Acc Chem Res 46(5):1135–1143Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fotouhi A, Auger DJ, Propp K, Longo S, Wild M (2016) A review on electric vehicle battery modelling: from lithium-ion toward lithium-sulphur. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 56:1008–1021Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li L, Li LY, Guo XD, Chen YX (2013) Synthesis and electrochemical performance of sulfur-carbon composite cathode for lithium-sulfur batteries. J Solid State Electrochem 17(1):115–119Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ding B, Yuan C, Shen L, Xu G, Nie P, Zhang X (2013) Encapsulating sulfur into hierarchically ordered porous carbon as a high-performance cathode for lithium-sulfur batteries. Chem Eur J 19(3):1013–1019Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Evers S, Yim T, Nazar LF (2012) Understanding the nature of absorption/adsorption in nanoporous polysulfide sorbents for the Li-S battery. J Phys Chem C 116:19653Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nersisyan HH, Joo SH, Yoo BU, Kim DY, Lee TH, Eom JY (2016) Combustion-mediated synthesis of hollow carbon nanospheres for high-performance cathode material in lithium-sulfur battery. Carbon 103:255–262Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Qu J, Lv S, Peng X, Tian S, Wang J, Gao F (2016) Nitrogen-doped porous “green carbon” derived from shrimp shell: combined effects of pore sizes and nitrogen doping on the performance of lithium sulfur battery. J Alloys Compd 671:17–23Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Seo SD, Choi C, Kim DW (2016) Fabrication of sulfur-impregnated porous carbon nanostructured electrodes via dual-mode activation for lithium-sulfur batteries. Mater Lett 172:116–119Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lee JS, Jun J, Jang J, Manthiram A (2017) Sulfur-immobilized, activated porous carbon nanotube composite based cathodes for lithium-sulfur batteries. Small 13(12):1602984Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oh T, Kim M, Park D, Kim J (2018) Synergistic interaction and controllable active sites of nitrogen and sulfur co-doping into mesoporous carbon sphere for high performance oxygen reduction electrocatalysts. Appl Surf Sci 440:627–636Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ma G, Wen Z, Wang Q, Chen S, Peng P, Jin J (2015) Enhanced performance of lithium sulfur battery with self-assembly polypyrrole nanotube film as the functional interlayer. J Power Sources 273(48):511–516Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nakamura N, Yokoshima T, Nara H, Momma T, Osaka T (2015) Suppression of polysulfide dissolution by polypyrrole modification of sulfur-based cathodes in lithium secondary batteries. J Power Sources 274:1263–1266Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ding K, Bu Y, Liu Q, Li T, Meng K, Wang Y (2015) Ternary-layered nitrogen-doped graphene/sulfur/polyaniline nanoarchitecture for the high-performance of lithium-sulfur batteries. J Mater Chem A 3(15):8022–8027Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sun Y, Wang S, Cheng H, Dai Y, Yu J, Wu J (2015) Synthesis of a ternary polyaniline@acetylene black-sulfur material by continuous two-step liquid phase for lithium sulfur batteries. Electrochim Acta 158:143–151Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rehman S, Guo S, Hou Y (2016) Rational design of Si/SiO2 @hierarchical porous carbon spheres as efficient polysulfide reservoirs for high-performance Li-S battery. Adv Mater 28(16):3167–3172Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Li X, Pan L, Wang Y, Xu C (2016) High efficiency immobilization of sulfur on Ce-doped carbon aerogel for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries. Electrochim Acta 190:548–555Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Moreno N, Caballero Á, Morales J, Rodríguezcastellón E (2016) Improved performance of electrodes based on carbonized olive stones/s composites by impregnating with mesoporous TiO2 for advanced Lisbnd S batteries. J Power Sources 313:21–29Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang Z, Li Q, Zhang K, Chen W, Lai Y, Li J (2015) Titanium-dioxide-grafted carbon paper with immobilized sulfur as a flexible free-standing cathode for superior lithium-sulfur batteries. J Power Sources 290:159–167Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Manthiram A, Su Y S (2016) Porous carbon interlayer for lithium-sulfur battery. U.S.Patent 9246149B2[P]. 2016-1-26.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li S, Ren G, Hoque MNF, Dong Z, Warzywoda J, Fan Z (2017) Carbonized cellulose paper as an effective interlayer in lithium-sulfur batteries. Appl Surf Sci 396:637–643Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cui Y, Wu X, Wu J, Zeng J, Baker AP, Lu F (2017) An interlayer with architecture that limits polysulfides shuttle to give a stable performance Li-S battery. Energy Storage Mater 9:1–10Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Huang Y, Zheng M, Lin Z, Zhao B, Zhang S, Yang J (2015) Flexible cathode and multifunctional interlayer based on carbonized bacterial cellulose for high-performance lithium-sulfur batteries. J Mater Chem A 3(20):10910Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lee CL, Kim ID (2015) A hierarchical carbon nanotube-loaded glass-filter composite paper interlayer with outstanding electrolyte uptake properties for high-performance lithium-sulphur batteries. Nanoscale 7(23):10362Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang S, Tran D, Zhang Z (2014) Poly(acrylic acid) gel as a polysulphide blocking layer for high-performance lithium/sulphur battery. J Mater Chem A 2(43):18288Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Niu S, Lv W, Zhang C, Li F, Tang L, He Y (2015) A carbon sandwich electrode with graphene filling coated by n-doped porous carbon layers for lithium-sulfur batteries. J Mater Chem A 3(40):20218Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Luo Y, Luo N, Kong W, Wu H, Wang K, Fan S (2018) Multifunctional interlayer based on molybdenum diphosphide catalyst and carbon nanotube film for lithium-sulfur batteries. Small 14(8):1702853Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Jeong Y C, Kim J H, Nam S, Chong R P, Yang S J (2018) Rational design of nanostructured functional interlayer/separator for advanced Li-S batteries. Adv Funct Mater, 1707411-1707442Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Manthiram A, Fu Y, Chung SH, Zu C, Su YS (2014) Rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries. Chem Rev 114(23):11751Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Manthiram A, Fu Y, Su YS (2013) Challenges and prospects of lithium-sulfur batteries. Acc Chem Res 46(5):1125–1134Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hong JP, Jia QH, Xin BC, Zhang Q (2017) Review on high-loading and high-energy lithium-sulfur batteries. Adv Energy Mater 7(24):1700260Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Saito M, Kosaka S, Fujinami T, Tachikawa Y, Shiroishi H, Streich D (2017) A new concept of an airelectrode catalyst for Li2 O2 decomposition using Mno2 nanosheets on rechargeable LiO2 batteries. Electrochim Acta 252:192–199Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Huang Y, Li H, Zuo M, Tao L, Wang W, Zhang J (2016) Corrosion resistance of sintered NdFeB coated with SiC/Al bilayer thin films by magnetron sputtering. J Magn Magn Mater 409:39–44Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tao L, Li H, Shen J, Qiao K, Wang W, Zhou C (2015) Corrosion resistance of the NdFeB coated with AlN/SiC bilayer thin films by magnetron sputtering under different environments. J Magn Magn Mater 375:124–128Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hu Z (2011) Modified solid state electrolyte membrane for lithium/sulfur batteries [D]. National University of Defense Technology, ChangshaGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Zhang J, Li H, Tang Q, Bai P, Pan Y, Lin Z (2016) Improved-performance lithium-sulfur batteries modified by magnetron sputtering. RSC Adv 6(115):114447Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Li T, Yang X, Xu Z, Sun Y, Wang X (2009) Influence of testing position on XRD results of carbon material. Aerospace Material and Technology 39:76Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yang HR, Liu XR, Yang JH (2007) Research on catalytic graphitization of carbon fiber. Journal of Shanghai Institution of Technology 7(1):69Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Wang M, Zhang H, Zhang Y, Li J, Zhang F, Hu W (2013) A modified hierarchical porous carbon for lithium/sulfur batteries with improved capacity and cycling stability. J Solid State Electrochem 17:2243–2250Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Brückner J, Thieme S, Grossmann HT, Dörfler S, Althues H, Kaskel S (2014) Lithium–sulfur batteries: influence of C-rate, amount of electrolyte and sulfur loading on cycle performance. J Power Sources 268(4):82–87Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Deng ZF, Zhang ZA, Lu H, Lai YQ, Liu J, Li J, Liu YX (2014) Vapor-grown carbon fibers enhanced sulfur-multi walled carbon nanotubes composite cathode for lithium/sulfur batteries. Trans Nonferrous Metals Soc China 24:158–163Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Akridge JR, Mikhaylik YV, White N (2004) Li/S fundamental chemistry and application to high-performance rechargeable batteries. Solid State Ionics 175(1):243–245Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Chung SH, Manthiram A (2013) Lithium-sulfur batteries with superior cycle stability by employing porous current collectors. Electrochim Acta 107(3):569–576Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Xiong S, Xie K, Hong X (2012) Effect of temperature on discharge process of lithium sulfur batteries. Journal of Electrochemistry 20(2):105–109Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Su YS, Manthiram A (2012) A new approach to improve cycle performance of rechargeable lithium-sulfur batteries by inserting a free-standing MWCNT interlayer. Chem Commun 48(70):8817–8819Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yu J, Zhang M, Ding F (2014) Effects of carbon interlayer on electrochemical performance of lithium-sulfur cell. Journal of Electrochemistry 20(2):105–109Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Tian MB (2006) Thin film technologies and materials. Tsinghua University press, BeijingGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Heqin Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yuanyuan Pan
    • 1
  • Hao Zheng
    • 1
  • Yan Wang
    • 1
  • Qiong Tang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yong Chen
    • 1
  • Weiyu Qi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHefei University of TechnologyHefeiChina
  2. 2.School of Electronic Science and Applied PhysicsHefei University of TechnologyHefeiChina

Personalised recommendations