, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 917–925 | Cite as

Enhanced performance of LiNi0.03Mo0.01Mn1.96O4 cathode materials coated with biomass-derived carbon layer

  • Mengshi Zhang
  • Meifeng Chen
  • Yijia Shao
  • Huiyu Song
  • Lina Liu
  • Jianwei Ren
  • Shijun LiaoEmail author
Original Paper


A high-performance Ni/Mo co-doped lithium manganate composite material, LiNi0.03Mo0.01Mn1.96O4, is prepared by a solid-state method, then a biomass-derived carbon layer with ethyl cellulose as the carbon source is applied to the surface of the composite particles. We find that carbon layer with the proper loading can significantly enhance the material’s cyclic stability and capacity at high discharge rates. At rates of 5C and 10C, our optimal sample (LNMMO-3wt%C), with 3 wt% carbon layer loading, has discharge capacities up to 114 and 98 mAh g−1, respectively, which are 10 and 8% higher than those of the uncoated co-doped material. Further, the carbon layer coating significantly improves the material’s stability at high discharge rates: the capacity retention of LNMMO-3wt%C after 400 cycles at discharge rates of 5C and 10C is high reaching 93.6 and 88.1%, respectively, compared with 91.4 and 74.3% for uncoated LNMMO. Based on our experimental results and analysis, we attribute the enhanced stability and capacity at high discharge rates to two factors: (i) enhanced conductivity and (ii) reduced Mn3+ dissolution, combined with significantly decreased resistance from Li+ ion intercalation/de-intercalation, due to the uniformity of the carbon layer coating.

Graphical abstract

Ni/Mo-doped lithium manganate, LiNi0.03Mo0.01Mn1.96O4, is coated with carbon layer by using biomass-based feedstock ethyl cellulose (EC) as carbon source. The carbon layer coating results significantly improved stability at high discharging rates: the capacity retention of our optimal sample (LNMMO-3wt%C) material after 400 cycles at discharging rates of 5C and 10C are high up to 93.6 and 88.1%, respectively, compared with 91.4 and 74.3% for uncoated material.


Lithium manganate Carbon-layer coating Ethyl cellulose Lithium-ion batteries Cycling stability 


Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC project nos. 21276098, 21476088, 51302091, U1301245), the Department of Science and Technology of Guangdong Province (project nos. 2014A010105041 and 2015B010106012), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (project no. 2015A030312007), and the Educational Commission of Guangdong Province (project no. 2013CXZDA003).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mengshi Zhang
    • 1
  • Meifeng Chen
    • 1
  • Yijia Shao
    • 1
  • Huiyu Song
    • 1
  • Lina Liu
    • 1
  • Jianwei Ren
    • 2
  • Shijun Liao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Fuel Cell Technology of Guangdong Province and the Key Laboratory of New Energy Technology of Guangdong Universities, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.HySA Infrastructure Centre of Competence, Materials Science and Manufacturing (MSM), Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)PretoriaSouth Africa

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