, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 1395–1406 | Cite as

Synergistic effect between glutamic acid and rare earth cerium (III) as corrosion inhibitors on AA5052 aluminum alloy in neutral chloride medium

  • Chong Zhu
  • Han Xue Yang
  • Yi Zhen Wang
  • Da Quan ZhangEmail author
  • Yaping Chen
  • Li Xin Gao
Original Paper


The synergistic effect of glutamic acid (Glu) and rare earth cerium (III) ion on corrosion inhibition for AA5052 aluminum alloy in 3 wt% NaCl was investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), polarization curves and SEM/EDS surface analysis. The results show that the maximum inhibition efficiency reaches 85.4% for 0.05 mM Glu + 0.30 mM Ce3+. The combination of glutamic acid and cerium nitrate produces a strong synergistic effect and forms more complex films to retard the cathodic processes of AA5052 alloy corrosion reaction. Quantum chemistry calculation and molecular dynamics simulation have been taken to analyze the synergistic mechanism. Glu molecules are adsorbed on Al2O3 surface via its polar atoms, and the cerium salt can fill the defects of adsorption film.


Aluminum alloy Electrochemical measurements Corrosion inhibitor Molecular dynamics simulation Synergistic effect 



The research was supported by NSFC project (21776172). We are grateful to the grant from the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (18DZ2204400).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chong Zhu
    • 1
  • Han Xue Yang
    • 1
  • Yi Zhen Wang
    • 1
  • Da Quan Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yaping Chen
    • 2
  • Li Xin Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Materials Protection and Advanced Materials in Electric Power, School of Environment and Chemical EngineeringShanghai University of Electric PowerShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Textile EngineeringJiangyin Polytechnic CollegeSuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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