, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 319–325 | Cite as

Investigation on gel polymer electrolyte-based dye-sensitized solar cells using carbon nanotube

  • Somia Mohammed Sakali
  • M. H. Khanmirzaei
  • S. C. Lu
  • S. Ramesh
  • K. RameshEmail author
Original Paper


A new poly (acrylonitrile) (PAN)-based gel polymer electrolyte (GPE) is fabricated to study the effect of carbon nanotube (CNT) on dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) efficiency. The GPEs are examined using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to analyze ionic conductivity. A maximum of 4.45 mS cm−1 ionic conductivity is achieved at room temperature with incorporation of 11 wt.% CNT. Performance of DSSC is examined with a solar simulator, and the highest energy conversion efficiency of 8.87% is achieved with the addition of 11 wt.% CNT. All GPE samples are found to follow Arrhenius model with temperature-dependent ionic conductivity testing. Structural properties are also characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy.


Gel polymer electrolyte PAN Carbon nanotube Dye-sensitized solar cell 


Funding information

This work was supported by UMRG Grant RG382-17AFR and Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FP012-2015A) from Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Somia Mohammed Sakali
    • 1
  • M. H. Khanmirzaei
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. C. Lu
    • 1
  • S. Ramesh
    • 1
  • K. Ramesh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Ionics University of Malaya, Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsSharif University of TechnologyTehranIran

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