First new species of Fulvifomes (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) from tropical Africa
Fulvifomes is a hymenochaetoid polypore genus currently undergoing re-estimation of its taxonomic and morphological diversity. Numerous new species were described during the last decade but almost exclusively from Neotropics and Eastern Asia. Here, based on morphological and molecular evidence, we describe a new species of Fulvifomes growing on Pseudocedrela kotschyi in Benin. The new species named Fulvifomes yoroui is characterized by perennial, pileate, ungulate basidiomata, and subglobose to globose basidiospores 5.5–6.5 × 4.7–5.6 μm. Analyses of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and nuclear large subunit rDNA (nLSU) datasets with maximum likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic inference methods show that F. yoroui represents a distinct lineage within Fulvifomes clade. It is the first time that a new species of Fulvifomes is described based on material from tropical Africa. This finding stimulates further investigations of Fulvifomes in tropical Africa.
KeywordsBenin Hymenochaetaceae Hymenochaetales Taxonomy Phylogeny New species
Boris Armel Olou thanks the forester Paul Kiki for the hospitality during the field work.
Boris Armel Olou conducted the field work. Boris Armel Olou performed molecular lab works and phylogenetic analyses. Alexander Ordynets calculated the genetic distances. Boris Armel Olou and Ewald Langer performed microscopic investigation of the new species. Boris Armel Olou drafted the description of the new species. The first draft of the manuscript was written by Boris Armel Olou and Alexander Ordynets, and Ewald Langer contributed to later versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Boris Armel Olou thanks the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for a Research Grant “Bi-nationally Supervised Doctoral Degree.”
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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