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Mycological Progress

, Volume 17, Issue 11, pp 1269–1282 | Cite as

Phylogenetic, toxigenic and virulence profiles of Alternaria species causing leaf blight of tomato in Egypt

  • Samah Fawzy El Gobashy
  • Wafai Z. A. Mikhail
  • Ahmed Mahmoud Ismail
  • Adel Zekry
  • Anotonio Moretti
  • Antonella Susca
  • Amira Sh. Soliman
Original Article
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

Species of Alternaria are serious plant pathogens, causing major losses on a wide range of crops. Leaf blight symptoms were observed on tomato leaves, and samples were collected from various regions. Isolation was done from symptomatic tomato leaves, and 15 representatives were selected from a collection of 65 isolates of Alternaria species. The virulence of Alternaria isolates was investigated on detached leaves (DL) and whole plants of tomato cv. Super strain B. A phylogenetic analysis was performed based on three partial gene regions, the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), the RNA polymerase second largest subunit (RPB2) and the Alternaria major allergen gene (Alt a 1). The potentiality of Alternaria isolates to produce toxins was also investigated on the basis of thin-layer chromatography (TLC). Our investigations revealed that Alternaria isolates showed different levels of virulence either on tomato plants or DL. Based on the phylogeny of three genes, Alternaria isolates encompassed two species of small-spored morphospecies: A. alternata (14 isolates) and A. arborescens (single isolate). The produced toxins varied among Alternaria isolates with tenuazonic acid (TeA) being the most abundant mycotoxin produced by most isolates. This study highlighted on other Alternaria species in Egypt that might represent a serious concern for tomato producers as causal agents of leaf blight over other species, i.e. A. solani.

Keywords

Alternaria Leaf blight Mycotoxin Pathogenicity Tomato 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Prof. Abdel Mohsen Tohamy for the revision of this manuscript and his useful comments. We also thank Dr. Donato Magistà for his support in the lab in preparing the samples for sequencing. We appreciate all the efforts from all the staff at the Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council, Bari, Italy.

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samah Fawzy El Gobashy
    • 1
  • Wafai Z. A. Mikhail
    • 2
  • Ahmed Mahmoud Ismail
    • 1
  • Adel Zekry
    • 1
  • Anotonio Moretti
    • 3
  • Antonella Susca
    • 3
  • Amira Sh. Soliman
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Pathology Research InstituteAgricultural Research CentreGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Natural Resources Department, Institute of African Research and StudiesCairo UniversityCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Institute of Sciences of Food ProductionNational Research CouncilBariItaly

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