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Parastagonosporella fallopiae gen. et sp. nov. (Phaeosphaeriaceae) on Fallopia convolvulus from Iran

  • Mounes Bakhshi
  • Mahdi Arzanlou
  • Johannes Z. Groenewald
  • William Quaedvlieg
  • Pedro W. Crous
Original Article
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

Phaeosphaeriaceae is a species-rich family in the order Pleosporales, encompassing species with diverse lifestyles viz., endophytic, epiphytic, lichenicolous, phytopathogenic, saprobic and even human pathogenic. In a survey on biodiversity of fungal species associated with leaf spot diseases of herbaceous plants in Iran, a coelomycetous fungus was recovered from symptomatic leaves of Fallopia convolvulus. Morphologically, the fungal isolates resembled species in the genus Parastagonospora. Although the phylogenetic analysis based on combined LSU and ITS sequence data placed these isolates within the family Phaeosphaeriaceae, they clustered distinct from presently known genera in the family. The monotypic genus Parastagonosporella (Phaeosphaeriaceae) is therefore introduced, with Parastagonosporella fallopiae as type species. A detailed description is provided, with notes discussing allied genera in the family.

Keywords

Leaf spot Phaeosphaeria Phylogeny Plant pathogens Taxonomy 2 new taxa 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the Iran National Science Foundation (INSF), the Research Deputy of the Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO) and the Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute for financial support.

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Botany, Iranian Research Institute of Plant ProtectionAgricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)TehranIran
  2. 2.Plant Protection Department, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  3. 3.Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity InstituteUtrechtThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Naktuinbouw (The Netherlands Inspection Service for Horticulture)RoelofarendsveenThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Genetics, Biochemistry and Microbiology, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology InstituteUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  6. 6.Laboratory of PhytopathologyWageningen University and Research Centre (WUR)WageningenThe Netherlands

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