Reversible image authentication (RIA) is an emerging research field for image tampering operation detection. Tampered regions can be localized precisely by embedding an authentication code (AC) into each divided image block in advance. Once the image is identified as an authentic image, the original image can be recovered without any loss. Under these two preconditions, an efficient RIA scheme is proposed to further improve the detection precision of the final authentication results. Compared with existing methods, a uniform embedding strategy is adopted in this paper, in which one AC bit is embedded into each divided image block to ensure they have the same authentication capability. To improve the forgery localization precision, the block size is adaptively sought according to the embedding capacity of the image. In addition, during the image authentication process, the embedding parameters and location map information are verified to increase the process’s rigorousness. The experimental results demonstrate the superiority of the detection precision of the proposed method.
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We would like to thank Drs Wien Hong and Zhaoxia Yin for kindly sharing the codes of their works with us. This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61702332, 61672354, 61562007) and Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (2017GXNSFAA198222). The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions.
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Yao, H., Wei, H., Qin, C. et al. A real-time reversible image authentication method using uniform embedding strategy. J Real-Time Image Proc 17, 41–54 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11554-019-00904-8
- Image authentication
- Tamper detection
- Pixel value ordering
- Reversible data hiding