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A real-time typhoon eye detection method based on deep learning for meteorological information forensics

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Abstract

The development of meteorological satellite technology has made it feasible to observe cloud cover over the Earth’s surface, and the number of high-precision meteorological satellite images available has increased dramatically over the years. However, there exists a gap between meteorological satellite cloud images and the true information of the pictured clouds. Therefore, extracting the true atmospheric information from “forged” satellite images in real time is a challenging task. In this paper, we proposed a real-time typhoon eye detection method from meteorological satellite cloud images based on deep learning. This new approach is the first step in detecting hidden information in satellite cloud images and provides important data support to detect true typhoon information. We performed simulation experiments and the results showed that the proposed method performs well in identifying typhoons, where the positive sample accuracy rate, negative sample accuracy rate, and total average accuracy rate are 94.22%, 99.43%, and 96.83%, respectively. In the testing process, the average time needed to detect each sample is 6 ms, which fulfills the requirement for real-time typhoon eye detection. Our method outperforms the k-nearest neighbors (KNN) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms.

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 61802199) and the Student Practice Innovation Training Program Fund of the Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (Grant no. 2017103000170).

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Correspondence to Liling Zhao.

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Zhao, L., Chen, Y. & Sheng, V.S. A real-time typhoon eye detection method based on deep learning for meteorological information forensics. J Real-Time Image Proc 17, 95–102 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11554-019-00899-2

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Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Image detection
  • Information forensics
  • Typhoon