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Smoke vehicle detection based on multi-feature fusion and hidden Markov model

  • Huanjie Tao
  • Xiaobo LuEmail author
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Existing smoke vehicle detection methods and vision-based smoke detection methods are vulnerable to false alarms. This paper presents an automatic smoke vehicle detection method based on multi-feature fusion and hidden Markov model (HMM). In this method, we first detect moving objects using an improved visual background extractor (ViBe) algorithm and obtain smoke-colored blocks using color histogram features in the HSI (hue, saturation, and intensity) color space. The adaptive scale local binary pattern (AS-LBP) and the discriminative edge orientation histogram (disEOH) are proposed and combined to characterize the smoke-colored blocks. More specifically, the proposed AS-LBP, a texture feature descriptor, is based on the quadratic fitting of our labelled data to obtain the best scale. The proposed disEOH, a gradient-based feature descriptor, is robust to noise by extracting discriminative edge information using Gaussian filters and principal component analysis (PCA). The discrete cosine transform (DCT) is employed to extract frequency domain information from the region fused by smoke blocks. To utilize the dynamic features, the HMMs are employed to analyze and classify the smoke-colored block sequences and region sequences in continuous frames. The experimental results show that the proposed method achieves better performances than existing smoke detection methods, especially achieves lower false alarms.

Keywords

Smoke vehicle detection Local binary pattern Visual background extractor algorithm Edge orientation histogram Hidden Markov model Discrete cosine transform 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61871123), Key Research and Development Program in Jiangsu Province (No. BE2016739), a Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, the Postgraduate Research and Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (No. KYCX18_0101), the Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Southeast University (No. YBPY1871), and the State Scholarship Fund from China Scholarship Council.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of AutomationSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Measurement and Control of Complex Systems of EngineeringMinistry of Education, Southeast UniversityNanjingChina

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