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Surgical soundtracks: automatic acoustic augmentation of surgical procedures

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Abstract

Purpose

Advances in sensing and digitalization enable us to acquire and present various heterogeneous datasets to enhance clinical decisions. Visual feedback is the dominant way of conveying such information. However, environments rich with many sources of information all presented through the same channel pose the risk of over stimulation and missing crucial information. The augmentation of the cognitive field by additional perceptual modalities such as sound is a workaround to this problem. A major challenge in auditory augmentation is the automatic generation of pleasant and ergonomic audio in complex routines, as opposed to overly simplistic feedback, to avoid alarm fatigue.

Methods

In this work, without loss of generality to other procedures, we propose a method for aural augmentation of medical procedures via automatic modification of musical pieces.

Results

Evaluations of this concept regarding recognizability of the conveyed information along with qualitative aesthetics show the potential of our method.

Conclusion

In this paper, we proposed a novel sonification method for automatic musical augmentation of tasks within surgical procedures. Our experimental results suggest that these augmentations are aesthetically pleasing and have the potential to successfully convey useful information. This work opens a path for advanced sonification techniques in the operating room, in order to complement traditional visual displays and convey information more efficiently.

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Author information

Correspondence to Sasan Matinfar.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

There is no study presented in this paper which requires ethical approval.

Informed consent

This articles does not contain patient data.

Additional information

Sasan Matinfar, M. Ali Nasseri and Ulrich Eck contributed equally to this work and should be considered as first authors.

Electronic supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (mp4 13361 KB)

Supplementary material 1 (mp4 13361 KB)

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Cite this article

Matinfar, S., Nasseri, M.A., Eck, U. et al. Surgical soundtracks: automatic acoustic augmentation of surgical procedures. Int J CARS 13, 1345–1355 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11548-018-1827-2

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Keywords

  • Computer-assisted interventions
  • Auditory display
  • Surgical sonification
  • Medical augmented reality
  • Acoustic augmentation
  • Psychoacoustics