Up-to-date imaging review of paediatric soft tissue vascular masses, focusing on sonography
The purpose of this article is to provide an up-to-date overview on imaging of paediatric vascular soft tissue masses, including both neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions. We describe the—often challenging-imaging diagnosis—mainly performed by ultrasound (and secondarily by MRI) and differential diagnosis of vascular soft tissue lesions in children. We underline how important it is to determine whether a vascular anomaly has a regional vascular origin, or if there are other entities, ranging from benign to malignant lesions, which have flow-signal or blood degradation products. Even though clinical examination and patient’s history are the first and indispensable steps in the initial diagnosis, the role of imaging is crucial, not only to determine whether a mass represents a true tumour/pseudo-tumour, but also to achieve a more correct diagnosis and determine the extension of the tumour/pseudo-tumour and its relation with the nearby anatomic structures.
KeywordsSoft tissue Tumour Pseudo-tumour Vascular malformation Vascular tumour Children Paediatric
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors but is e review of current clinical cases.
Human and animal rights
This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
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