Advertisement

La radiologia medica

, Volume 124, Issue 1, pp 14–18 | Cite as

Incidence rate of physical and verbal violence inflicted by patient and their companions on the radiology department staff of educational hospitals of medical university, Kermanshah, 2017

  • Mohammad-Rasoul Tohidnia
  • Reza Rostami
  • Samira Moradi Ghomshei
  • Samira Moradi
  • Sogand Abbasi AziziEmail author
EMERGENCY RADIOLOGY
  • 92 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Regarding the increasing risk of violence toward employees in diagnostic and therapeutic centers, radiology staff members are often exposed to forms of violence through direct contact with patients and with many professional stresses. The aim of this study is to investigate the causes and incidence of violence against radiographers in radiology departments of educational centers and hospitals.

Materials and methods

In this descriptive-analytic study, violence incidence was investigated in all 121 radiographers working in radiology departments of educational centers of Kermanshah in 2016. Data were collected by a reliable and stable researcher-made questionnaire. Data analysis was also performed using descriptive statistics and T test and Chi-square tests by STATA 11 software.

Results

The results showed that 72.7% of radiographers had experienced violence in their work environment. Verbal violence (77.3%) was the most prevalent type where patient accompaniments were the most frequent cause of violence (54.7%), most of the violence incidents were at night shift (43.6%) and over-crowdedness was the most common cause of violence in the radiology department (21.0%). The verbal violence against radiographers younger than 40 was significantly higher (P = 0.04) than the age group above 40 years.

Conclusion

The incidence of verbal violence against radiographers in radiology departments is high which can be reduced by providing adequate human resource and equipment in radiology departments, re-training courses on the prevention and management of violent behavior and the suing the violent events against radiologists.

Keywords

Physical violence Verbal violence Radiologists of radiology department 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Mohammad-Rasoul Tohidnia declares that he has no conflicts of interest. Reza Rostami declares that he declares that he has no conflict of interest. Samira Moradi Ghomshei declares that she has no conflict of interest. Samira Moradi declares that declares that she has no conflict of interest. Sogand Abbasi Azizi declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. 1.
    Esmaeilpour M, Salsali M, Ahmadi F (2011) Workplace violence against Iranian nurses working in emergency departments. Int Nurs Rev 58(1):130–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Magnavita N, Fileni A, Pescarini L, Magnavita G (2012) Violence against radiologists. I. Prevalence and preventive measures. La Radiol Med 117(6):1019–1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Çelebioğlu A, Akpinar RB, Küçükoğlu S, Engin R (2010) Violence experienced by Turkish nursing students in clinical settings: their emotions and behaviors. Nurse Educ Today 30(7):687–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jabbari-Bairami H, Heidari F, Ghorbani V, Bakhshian F (2013) Workplace violence: a regional survey in Iranian hospitals’ emergency departments. Int J Hosp Res 2(1):11–16Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Talas MS, Kocaöz S, Akgüç S (2011) A survey of violence against staff working in the emergency department in Ankara, Turkey. Asian Nurs Res 5(4):197–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gillespie GL, Gates DM, Miller M, Howard PK (2010) Workplace violence in healthcare settings: risk factors and protective strategies. Rehabil Nurs 35(5):177–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kwok R, Li K, Ng Y, Cheung M, Fung V, Kwok K, Tong J, Yen P, Leung W, Law Y (2006) Prevalence of workplace violence against nurses in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Med J 12(1):6–9Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Taylor JL, Rew L (2011) A systematic review of the literature: workplace violence in the emergency department. J Clin Nurs 20(7–8):1072–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ng K, Yeung J, Cheung I, Chung A, White P (2009) Workplace violence-a survey of diagnostic radiographers working in public hospitals in Hong Kong. J Occup Health 51(4):355–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shoghi M, Sanjari M, Shirazi F, Heidari S, Salemi S, Mirzabeigi G (2008) Workplace violence and abuse against nurses in hospitals in Iran. Asian Nurs Res 2(3):184–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gacki-Smith J, Juarez AM, Boyett L, Homeyer C, Robinson L, MacLean SL (2009) Violence against nurses working in US emergency departments. J Nurs Adm 39(8/7):340–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mojdeh S, Memarzadeh M, Abdar Isfahani M, Gholi Pour F (2010) Problems in the emergency department of Al-Zahra educational medical center, Isfahan. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 14(4):180–184Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Alameddine M, Mourad Y, Dimassi H (2015) A national study on nurses’ exposure to occupational violence in Lebanon: prevalence, consequences and associated factors. PLoS ONE 10(9):e.0137105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Soheili A, Mohamadpour Y, Jafarizadeh H, Habibzadeh H, Mehryar H, Rahmani A (2014) Violence against nurses in emergency departments of Urmia university hospitals in 2013. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 12(9):874–882Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Paryad E, Jahani Sayad Noveiry M, Kazemnejad Leili E, Akbari A, Ghanbari Khanghah A, Bouraki S (2015) Incidence of violence against nurses in the educational-medical centers in Rasht. J Holist Nurs Midwifery 25(2):16–23Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sahebi L (2011) Workplace violence against clinical workers in Tabriz educational hospitals. Iran J Nurs 24(73):27–35Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jiao M, Ning N, Li Y, Gao L, Cui Y, Sun H et al (2015) Workplace violence against nurses in Chinese hospitals: a cross-sectional survey. BMJ Open 5(3):e.006719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Salavati S, Daraie M, Tabesh H, Aradoi Z, Salavati P (2015) Workplace violence against nurses in Ahvaz Educational Hospitals. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac 12(11):1018–1027Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Healy J, Brennan PC, Costelloe JP (2002) Violence at work: a major radiographic issue. Radiography 8:85–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Abbas MA, Fiala LA, Abdel Rahman AG, Fahim AE (2010) Epidemiology of workplace violence against nursing staff in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt. J Egypt Public Health Assoc 85(1–2):29–43Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Abbas RA, Selim SF (2011) Workplace violence: a survey of diagnostic radiographers in Ismailia governorate hospitals, Egypt. J Am Sci 7(6):1049–1058Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu H, Zhao S, Jiao M, Wang J, Peters DH, Qiao H, Zhao Y, Li Y, Song L, Xing K, Lu Y (2015) Extent, nature, and risk factors of workplace violence in public tertiary hospitals in china: a cross-sectional survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health 12(6):6801–6817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pompeii L, Dement J, Schoenfisch A, Lavery A, Souder M, Smith C, Lipscomb H (2013) Perpetrator, worker and workplace characteristics associated with patient and visitor perpetrated violence (Type II) on hospital workers: a review of the literature and existing occupational injury data. J Saf Res 44:57–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Italian Society of Medical Radiology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad-Rasoul Tohidnia
    • 1
  • Reza Rostami
    • 2
  • Samira Moradi Ghomshei
    • 2
  • Samira Moradi
    • 2
  • Sogand Abbasi Azizi
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, School of ParamedicineKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Student research committee, Kermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran

Personalised recommendations