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Potato Research

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 315–331 | Cite as

Physiological and Physicochemical Responses of Potato to Selenium Biofortification in Tropical Soil

  • Vanuze Costa de OliveiraEmail author
  • Valdemar Faquin
  • Fabrício Ribeiro Andrade
  • João Paulo Carneiro
  • Ediu Carlos da Silva Júnior
  • Kamila Rezende Dázio de Souza
  • Joelma Pereira
  • Luiz Roberto Guimarães Guilherme
Article
  • 212 Downloads

Abstract

The technique of biofortification with selenium (Se) in several agricultural crops has been well researched by the scientific community. However, for vegetable crops cultivated in tropical conditions, there is still little information. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the application of Se in the soil on physiological, agronomic, biofortification and antioxidant enzyme activity in tubers of Solanum tuberosum L. grown in tropical soil. Potato plants (cv. Agata) were cultivated in pots (7 kg) with soil that received two sources of Se (selenate and selenite) and five doses of Se (0; 0.75; 1.5; 3.0 and 5.0 mg kg−1). The results showed that the application of Se by both sources increased its content in the tubers. When applied in small doses, it provided beneficial effects on the production of tubers, increased Ca content in shoots and activated enzymes of the antioxidant system. High doses, in addition to decreasing production, reduced S content, pH and peroxidase activity in the tubers. Thus, selenate is the most efficient source for biofortification of potato under tropical conditions when supplied in low doses.

Keywords

Antioxidant activity Post-harvest quality Selenate Selenite 

Notes

Funding Information

The authors would like to thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico (CNPq), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for financial support and scholarship grant.

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Copyright information

© European Association for Potato Research 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanuze Costa de Oliveira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Valdemar Faquin
    • 1
  • Fabrício Ribeiro Andrade
    • 2
  • João Paulo Carneiro
    • 1
  • Ediu Carlos da Silva Júnior
    • 1
  • Kamila Rezende Dázio de Souza
    • 3
  • Joelma Pereira
    • 4
  • Luiz Roberto Guimarães Guilherme
    • 1
  1. 1.Departament of Soil ScienceFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Federal Institute of Mato GrossoJuínaBrazil
  3. 3.Department of BiologyFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  4. 4.Departament of Food ScienceFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil

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