Identifiability of Phylogenetic Parameters from k-mer Data Under the Coalescent
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Distances between sequences based on their k-mer frequency counts can be used to reconstruct phylogenies without first computing a sequence alignment. Past work has shown that effective use of k-mer methods depends on (1) model-based corrections to distances based on k-mers and (2) breaking long sequences into blocks to obtain repeated trials from the sequence-generating process. Good performance of such methods is based on having many high-quality blocks with many homologous sites, which can be problematic to guarantee a priori. Nature provides natural blocks of sequences into homologous regions—namely, the genes. However, directly using past work in this setting is problematic because of possible discordance between different gene trees and the underlying species tree. Using the multispecies coalescent model as a basis, we derive model-based moment formulas that involve the species divergence times and the coalescent parameters. From this setting, we prove identifiability results for the tree and branch length parameters under the Jukes–Cantor model of sequence mutations.
Keywordsk-mer method Coalescent Algebraic geometry
Chris Durden was partially supported by the US National Science Foundation (DMS 1615660). Seth Sullivant was partially supported by the US National Science Foundation (DMS 1615660) and by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation.
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