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Morphology

pp 1–43 | Cite as

Oneida prepronominal prefixes in Information-based Morphology

  • Thomas S. DiazEmail author
  • Jean-Pierre Koenig
  • Karin Michelson
Article

Abstract

Oneida (Northern Iroquoian) inflectional morphology is highly complex. We focus here on the eleven so-called prepronominal prefixes. These prefixes display a number of interesting paradigmatic and syntagmatic properties that make them challenging to model in incremental or sequentialist approaches. Instead, we utilize Information-based Morphology (hereafter IbM; Crysmann and Bonami 2016), which treats inflectional rules as descriptions of regularities between features, forms, and positions. We discuss three main issues: competition for realization among semantically compatible features; borrowing of exponence from one feature realization to another; and exuberant and atypical morphotactic variability. Our analysis highlights the unique complexities of Oneida’s position class morphology and illustrates how an IbM approach is equipped to deal with such complexities.

Keywords

Oneida Northern Iroquoian Information-based Morphology position class Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar templatic morphology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University at Buffalo, SUNYBuffaloUSA

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