Rucaparib: A Review in Ovarian Cancer
Rucaparib (Rubraca®) is a small molecule poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor with potent activity against PARP-1, -2 and -3. It is approved in the USA and the EU for the treatment of adult patients with BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer who have been treated with two or more lines of chemotherapy. Rucaparib is also approved in the USA and the EU for use as maintenance therapy in adult patients with recurrent or relapsed ovarian cancer who are in a complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Based on an analysis of patients across two phase II clinical trials, rucaparib displayed clinical activity as third- (or later-) line treatment of BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer, with rucaparib-treated patients having a confirmed objective response rate of 54%. Furthermore, as demonstrated in the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III ARIEL3 trial, rucaparib significantly improved progression-free survival when used as maintenance treatment in patients with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer. Rucaparib had an acceptable tolerability profile in clinical trials in women with ovarian cancer. Common adverse events were generally manageable with dose modification and/or supportive care. Thus, currently available data indicate that rucaparib is a useful addition to the options available to clinicians for the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer, in both the treatment and maintenance therapy settings.
During the peer review process, the manufacturer of rucaparib was also offered an opportunity to review this article. Changes resulting from comments received were made on the basis of scientific and editorial merit.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Conflict of interest
Matt Shirley is a salaried employee of Adis/Springer, is responsible for the article content and declares no relevant conflicts of interest.
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