Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing

, Volume 57, Issue 6, pp 1323–1339 | Cite as

Grasshopper optimization algorithm–based approach for the optimization of ensemble classifier and feature selection to classify epileptic EEG signals

  • Gurwinder Singh
  • Birmohan Singh
  • Manpreet KaurEmail author
Original Article


Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disease worldwide. It is diagnosed by analyzing a long electroencephalogram (EEG) recording in a clinical environment, which may be much prone to errors and a time-consuming task. In this paper, a methodology for the classification of an epileptic seizure is proposed for analyzing EEG signals. EEG signal is decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) using empirical mode decomposition (EMD). A fusion, of the extracted non-linear and spike-based features from each of the IMF signals, is made. The parameters of five machine learning algorithms; k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), extreme learning machine (ELM), random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM), and artificial neural network (ANN) are optimized, as well as a set of the significant features is chosen using grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA). These classifiers with their optimized parameters are ensembled together for the classification of epileptic seizures. The results show that ensemble classifier performs better than individual classifier. A comparison of the proposed methodology with state of the art epileptic seizure detection techniques is also made for validation.

Graphical abstract


Epilepsy Intrinsic mode functions Empirical mode decomposition k-Nearest neighbor Extreme learning machine Random forest Support vector machine Artificial neural network Grasshopper optimization algorithm 



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Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceBhai Sangat Singh Khalsa CollegeBangaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringSant Longowal Institute of Engineering and TechnologyLongowalIndia
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Instrumentation EngineeringSant Longowal Institute of Engineering and TechnologyLongowalIndia

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