Palestinian Children’s Experiences of Drug Abuse in the Home in the Occupied Territories of Palestine: a Scoping Review of Extant Literature

  • Marie Claire Van Hout
  • Mohammed Fathi Al-Afifi
  • Leen Abushams
  • Stephanie Kewley
  • Zara Quigg
  • Mark Whitfield
  • Jim McVeigh
  • Mayyada WazaifyEmail author
Original Article


The Occupied Territories of Palestine (OtP) consists of the non-contiguous West Bank including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. Its dense population with political and economic tensions is affected by a rise in drug trafficking, abuse and addiction. A scoping review mapped what is known about Palestinian children’s experiences of drug abuse in the home. Following application of exclusion measures, six records remained. Charting and analysis resulted in three themes: the consequences of being a child with a drug-using parent, causal factors of drug use in Palestinian families and prevalence rates of parental drug use are unknown. The review paints a concerning picture of stigma, family dysfunction, school drop-out, child and family isolation and maladaptive child development. Exposure to drugs, trauma and abuse contributes to strong potential for Palestinian child drug use, sexual exploitation, overdose, psychiatric illness and infectious disease acquisition. The review will inform the urgent strategic response.


Alcohol Children Drugs Gaza Jerusalem Palestine Parents Siblings Substance abuse West Bank 


Funding Information

This study received funding support from the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) Small Grants Scheme 2019 (Grant holder: Professor Marie Claire Van Hout).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Public Health Institute (PHI)Liverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Substance Abuse Research Centre (SARC)GazaPalestine
  3. 3.School of PharmacyUniversity of JordanAmmanJordan
  4. 4.School of ScienceLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  5. 5.Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, School of PharmacyThe University of Jordan (UJ)AmmanJordan

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