, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 1473–1478 | Cite as

Tunable Reflection-Based Nanoimaging Using Electrical Control of Hyperbolic Polaritons

  • Yilun Lou
  • Lian ShenEmail author
  • Kuan W. A. CheeEmail author


We report on the design of a tunable reflection-based lenslet composed of a periodic metal-dielectric multilayer system of silver and 4-N, N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate (DAST) that is capable of resolving fine object details with subwavelength resolution of up to λ/9 in the near field. Total internal reflection is achieved on the lenslet edges, with electrical control of the hyperbolic polaritons allowing tunability over a wide spatial and spectral range. Here, we demonstrated imaging performed successfully with and without electrical biasing for three different wavelengths, of 603 nm, 659 nm, and 715 nm. We also demonstrated how the effective medium description may moderately overestimate near-field nanoimaging when accounting for the individual elements of the lenslet. Remarkably, this study introduces novel pathways to practically realize dynamically tunable broadband subdiffraction spectroscopic imaging or near-field lithography.


Tunability Subwavelength imaging Hyperbolic metamaterials 


Funding Information

This work was sponsored by the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 2018M632462, National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 61650110517, and Natural Science Foundation of Ningbo under Grant No. 2017A610095, and the overseas talent program.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Electromagnetics Academy at Zhejiang University, College of Information Science and Electronic EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Laser Research InstituteQilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)QingdaoChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Related Technologies, Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Marine Materials and Protective Technologies, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesNingboChina
  4. 4.Centre for Advanced Photonics and Electronics, Electrical Engineering Division, Department of EngineeringUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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