, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp 1547–1554 | Cite as

Omnidirectional Surface Plasmon Polaritons Concentration in 3D Metallic Structures

  • Lei ZhengEmail author
  • Andrey Evlyukhin
  • Ludger Overmeyer
  • Carsten Reinhardt


3D metallic structures with symmetrically curved surfaces are proposed for surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) deflection and concentration. Two-photon polymerization (2PP) and a sputtering process are applied for the preparation of the proposed structures. Leakage radiation microscopy (LRM) is used for the excitation and observation of SPPs. The characterization results reveal that the proposed structures are able to deflect SPPs and partly concentrate SPPs energy when the surface waves propagate around the raised part of the metallic structure. The maximum electromagnetic energy concentration can be reached when SPPs propagate towards the center of the raised part of the structure. An investigation on the energy concentration performance of the proposed metallic structures with respect to different profiles is analytically and experimentally carried out. Applications of plasmonic devices for energy harvesting elements, omnidirectional light absorbers, and benders are discussed.


3D metallic structures Surface plasmon polaritons Energy concentrator Light bender Two-photon polymerization Plasmon leakage radiation 



The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation, Project ID RE3012/4-1 and RE3012/2-1). A.E. acknowledges the support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft under Germany’s Excellence Strategy within the Cluster of Excellence PhoenixD (EXC 2122, Project ID 390833453).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Nano and Quantum EngineeringLeibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.HannoverGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Quantum OpticsLeibniz Universität HannoverHannoverGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Transport and Automation TechnologyLeibniz Universität HannoverGarbsenGermany
  5. 5.Hochschule BremenBremenGermany

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