, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 2081–2089 | Cite as

Improving Efficiency and Birefringence of an All-Dielectric Metasurface Quarter-Wave Plate Using Graphene

  • Edgar OwitiEmail author
  • Hanning Yang
  • Peng Liu
  • Calvine Ominde
  • Xiudong Sun


Conventional all-dielectric metasurfaces show remarkable properties including high efficiency and tunability of the optical response. However, extreme narrow bandwidth is a limitation that reduce their application in the photonic sensor devices. In this work, an efficient hybrid silicon-graphene metasurface is numerically proposed and designed. Through the sandwiched graphene layer, the structure shows unique quarter-wave properties, tunable through the dimensions of silicon, the Fermi energy of graphene, and an external gate voltage. Dynamic tuning is achieved by reversing the gate voltage: circular polarization state is switched between the right- and the left-handed states by reversing the gate voltage. A 95% polarization conversion ratio and a 96% ellipticity ratio are obtained while converting linearly polarized light into circularly polarized light in the near infrared. Additionally, by integrating graphene with silicon, the Q-factor and the trapped magnetic modes in the silicon are effectively modulated. The structure is compact and has an ultrathin design thickness of ∼0.1 λ, in the telecommunication wavelength. The above properties are essential for integration into photonic sensing devices and for compatibility with the CMOS devices.


Metamaterials Polarization converter All-dielectric metasurface 


Funding Information

This work was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (No. 2013CB328702) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Nos. 11374074 and 61308069).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Modern Optics, Department of PhysicsHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Optoelectronic Information System of Ministry of Industry and Information TechnologyHarbinChina
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsJomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture TechnologyNairobiKenya
  4. 4.Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme OpticsShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina

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