, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 1277–1286 | Cite as

Design of All-Optical Universal Gates Using Plasmonics Mach-Zehnder Interferometer for WDM Applications

  • Santosh KumarEmail author
  • Lokendra Singh
  • Nan-Kuang Chen


All optical integrated circuits have great application in high-speed computing and information processing to overcome the limitation of conventional electronics. In this work, a novel design of all optical universal gates using optical Kerr-effect and optical bistability of a plasmonics-based Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) has been proposed. A MZI is capable for switching of light which depends on the intensities of optical input signal. The study of device is carried out using finite-difference-time-domain (FDTD) method and verified using MATLAB simulation.


Plasmonics Finite-difference-time-domain (FDTD) method Mach-Zehnder interferometer Optical Kerr-effect Optical bistability 



The authors would like to thank Prof. K.K. Raina, Vice-Chancellor of DIT University, Dehradun, for the encouragement and support during the present research work.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Photonics Lab, Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringDIT UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Optoelectronics Research center, Department of Electro-Optical EngineeringNational United UniversityMiaoliTaiwan

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