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Plasmonics

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 1121–1127 | Cite as

Fano Resonance of Nanocrescent for the Detection of Single Molecules and Single Nanoparticles

  • Chunjie Zheng
  • Tianqing Jia
  • Hua Zhao
  • Yingjie Xia
  • Shian Zhang
  • Donghai Feng
  • Zhenrong Sun
Article

Abstract

This paper reports a theoretical study on the Fano resonance of a 3D nanocrescent and its application in single molecular detection. The resonance wavelength changes with the crescent radius, gap width and thickness. The Fano resonance is attributed to the interference between the quadrupolar mode supported by the horizontal crescent and the quadrupolar mode supported by the nanotip oscillating along the height direction. The Fano resonance is highly sensitive to a nanoparticle trapped by the nanocrescent. The wavelength shift is larger than 0.5 nm when a single protein nanoparticle with radius only of 1.25 nm is trapped. For a protein with radius of 0.3 nm, the wavelength shift is still larger than 0.03 nm, over the detection limit (10−5 nm) by 3 orders in the magnitude, which indicates that the nanocrescent can be used to detect small molecule with several atoms.

Keywords

Label-free detection Fano resonance Nanocrescent Quadrupolar mode Surface plasmon polaritons 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11474097, 11274116, 11374099, 11104178, 51132004), and the Open Fund of the State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics (Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chunjie Zheng
    • 1
  • Tianqing Jia
    • 1
  • Hua Zhao
    • 1
  • Yingjie Xia
    • 1
  • Shian Zhang
    • 1
  • Donghai Feng
    • 1
  • Zhenrong Sun
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Precision SpectroscopyEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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